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A Streetcar Named Desire Essay Questions. A Streetcar Named Desire is laden with symbolism and metaphor. Annotated Essay Writer! Pick one of the many recurring symbols – light, flowers, fire, bathing, meat – and trace its occurrence through the play. What does this motif add to the story and characterizations? Bathing - Blanche is constantly taking baths in the play, subconsciously trying to cleanse herself of the sins of her past. She never succeeds, however, and must return to the bath again and again.

Similarly, Stanley showers after he beats his wife, and unlike Blanche he is help cant do my twins able to come out cleansed and remorseful. Elia Kazan#39;s 1951 film adaptation of Annotated writer, Streetcar is much lauded, but due to the Hayes Code in effect at the time a film faced much stricter censorship than a stage play. Compare the help do my essay depiction of Blanche#39;s memory of her husband in the play and in the film adaptation – how does Kazan imply Allan#39;s homosexuality without overtly stating it? Does the film effectively convey the story of Bibliography essay writer service, Blanche#39;s marriage, and how does it differ from the stage script in help cant do my essay, this interpretation? The screenplay has Blanche express disgust at service her husband not for being gay, but for being a poet. However, Vivien Leigh#39;s performance makes it clear that poet is euphemistic, and the point gets across. It just requires a little more attention to the subtext than in the original play, which is online adult straightforward with its account of Allan#39;s sexuality.

At points throughout the play, Blanche hears the music of a polka, the song that was playing the night her husband died. Trace the occurrences of this tune and note what conclusions can be drawn about her mental state when she is hearing this music. How does it compare to the occurrences of the blue piano in the stage directions? The Varsouviana was the music playing at the moment of Blanche#39;s loss of innocence, and it has been haunting her ever since. It first appears when she is actively thinking about her dead husband, but as the play progresses the tune#39;s increased presence highlights her slipping grip on Bibliography, reality. Two of Williams most popular plays, Streetcar and online adult learning groups Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, have characters who are preoccupied with the memory of Annotated Bibliography, a loved one who committed suicide after being confronted about their homosexuality – the dead gay man who haunts so many of Williams#39; plays. Compare Blanche#39;s recollections of Allan with Brick#39;s of Skipper. Can a connection be drawn between the black gunshot that always ends the Varsouviana and the click that brings Brick peace when he drinks? Williams utilizes a similar device in Blanche#39;s gunshot and Brick#39;s click - both of these serve to Annotated Bibliography service, dramatize characters#39; internal thoughts and conflicts in essay online reviews, a way that is appropriate to the stage. They also serve as motivators for the characters - Brick is drinking his memories into oblivion, and Blanche#39;s memories are crowing constantly into her consciousness, relieved only by Annotated Bibliography writer service death.

The truth is a mutating, subjective figure in Streetcar, with each of the principals having a different relationship with the paper online learning groups idea of truth. How does Williams express these relationships, and what role do they have on the narrative? In sum, Stanley seeks truth, Stella hides from Bibliography, truth, and Blanche manipulates truth. Blanche covers the paper adult in cohort groups truth in paper lanterns, dressing it up into what she wants it to be, and honestly believing that she has the Annotated Bibliography essay writer power to bend reality to her will. Stanley#39;s role is to peel away Blanche#39;s layers of illusion, and buy long Stella is Bibliography essay service caught in between, aware of lies but choosing to pick up her sister#39;s method of dealing with reality by changing it to suit her life.

Streetcar is a very New Orleans play, closely tied to black essay, its location in space and time, while tackling universal themes and relationships. What role does New Orleans play in the work? How do the characters interact with the city, and essay writer how does the city impact the College Essays narrative? Can you imagine a production set in a different time and place? How would that change the essay writer play? You could put Streetcar in another environment of Essays Board, weakened economic conditions and mutating social standards, but it would be a fundamentally different play outside the Old South, and specifically New Orleans.

New Orleans occupies a unique place as a bastion of Annotated writer service, old wealth and gentility while also being home to jazz, Mardi Gras, and Bourbon Street. Like Blanche, New Orleans is a faded rose fallen into hard times and cheap thrills, and this is vital to the play. I couldn#39;t believe her story and go on can someone do my history, living with Stanley, Stella says at the end of the play. Essay Service! Examine this statement – is Stella showing a remarkable self-awareness? Or perhaps self-justification? Compare Stella#39;s behavior in the final scene to that of Stanley and Mitch.

Depending on the performance, Stella can be either heartlessly condemning her sister to College Essays, College Essays, save her own way of life, or showing that she honestly loves Stanley so much that she is incapable of disbelieving him. Her statement is wonderfully ambiguous and layered; meanwhile, Stanley sees Blanche off with good riddance, and Mitch bemoans the situation but is powerless to essay writer service, change it. Stella and essay online reviews Stanley#39;s conversation in scene seven is punctuated by Blanche singing Paper Moon in the bathroom. What function does the song play in the scene? What significance does this particular song have to the characters? Why do you think Williams chose to Annotated writer service, underscore this scene in Research Paper …, the way he did? Paper Moon serves as a constant reminder to the Kowalskis of Blanche#39;s presence in the apartment and in their lives. While living with them, she has completely invaded their existence, even punctuating their private conversations.

It also adds poignance and contrast, as Stanley describes Blanche#39;s downfall while she, unsuspecting, continues to carries on with her daily routine. The song itself is essay writer also well chosen. The chorus of buy long essay online reviews, it#39;s only a paper moon, sailing over a cardboard sea, but it wouldn#39;t be make-believe if you believed in me expresses Blanche#39;s fundamental world-view that what#39;s fake can be made real if you just pretend hard enough. Clearly, a main theme of Streetcar is desire. But does this key word refer only to physical desire, lust? What other desires are present in essay, the story and characterizations?

Although lust is the dominant form of Essays, College Application Essays The College, desire in Streetcar, it is not the only one. Blanche is motivated by sexual desire but also by Annotated Bibliography writer service a rejection of the same, desiring stability and a fresh start instead. She is a character full of buy long essay, needs and wants, unlike Stanley and Stella who were perfectly content with their lot in essay writer service, life until Blanche came to town. What is the relationship between sexuality and death in the play, and how does it factor into Blanche#39;s nymphomania and fear of aging? Starting with Blanche#39;s transfer from the Paper Streetcar Named Desire to the Streetcar Named Cemeteries, sexuality and death are connected in the play. Annotated Essay Service! Those cars and the themes they symbolize run together to Blanche#39;s final destination and ruination. Blanche#39;s loss of Research Paper On Childhood …, innocence arose out of a death, and more deaths led to her sexual experimentation - for her, death and desire go hand in hand.

How To Cite http://www.gradesaver.com/a-streetcar-named-desire/study-guide/essay-questions in MLA Format. Bibliography Essay Writer Service! Study Guide Navigation About A Streetcar Named Desire A Streetcar Named Desire Summary Character List Glossary Themes Quotes and Analysis Summary And Analysis Scene 1 Scene 2 Scene 3 Scene 4 Scene 5 Scene 6 Scenes 7 and 8 Scene 9 Scene 10 Scene 11 Music and help cant essay Streetcar Related Links Essay Questions Quizzes - Test Yourself! Quiz 1 Quiz 2 Quiz 3 Quiz 4 Citations Related Content Study Guide Essays Q A Lesson Plan Mini-Store Tennessee Williams Biography. A Streetcar Named Desire Questions and essay writer Answers. The Question and Answer section for A Streetcar Named Desire is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel.

The music is used to signal Blanche's memories, particularly, her husband's suicide. College College Essays The College Board! When the music plays, we are quickly able to Annotated essay service, correlate her past, her delusions, as well as her complete lack of reality. At the end of the help do my the paradoxical second scene, Stanley tells Blanche that Stella is having a baby? They can't play poker at Mitch's house because his mother is sick. MITCH [hearing this, returns quickly to the stair rail]: No--not at my place. My mother's still sick! Study Guide for A Streetcar Named Desire. Essay! A Streetcar Named Desire study guide contains a biography of Tennessee Williams, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. Essays for A Streetcar Named Desire.

A Streetcar Named Desire literature essays are academic essays for citation. These papers were written primarily by students and help cant do my twins provide critical analysis of A Streetcar Named Desire.

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Conflits entre investisseurs et dirigeants Une analyse en termes de gouvernance cognitive. Sommaire des nouveaux numeros. Votre alerte a bien ete prise en compte. Vous recevrez un email a chaque nouvelle parution d'un numero de cette revue. Erreur lors de l'enregistrement de votre alerte. Vous avez deja enregistre cette alerte. Service! Vous pouvez gerer vos alertes depuis le menu Mon cairn.info. Le capital investissement (CI) s’est considerablement developpe en France depuis une vingtaine d’annees, repondant aux besoins en fonds propres et quasi-fonds propres des PME.

Les capital investisseurs accompagnent ainsi l’entreprise, en qualite d’actionnaires, pendant une duree limitee (sept ans en moyenne). Essays, Application! Pour pallier l’asymetrie elevee entre dirigeants de PME non cotees et CI et reduire les risques, les investisseurs adoptent des mecanismes d’evaluation et de suivi specifiques, tout en apportant une assistance au dirigeant de maniere a favoriser la creation de valeur. Annotated Bibliography Service! De leur implication active depend en effet la rentabilite de leur investissement in The College fine qui elle-meme depend uniquement de la valeur gagnee par l’entreprise entre l’entree dans le capital et la sortie. Annotated Bibliography Service! Apres avoir ete longtemps plus passifs que leurs homologues anglo-saxons, en raison de specificites culturelles et historiques (Lachmann, 1999; Stephany, 2001), les comportements des investisseurs francais ont change. Buy Long Essay Online Reviews! Ils sont devenus plus vigilants et plus actifs, en raison notamment des crises qui ont marque le capital risque dans les annees 1990 et au debut des annees 2000 et qui ont affecte l’ensemble de la profession, obligeant a une remise en question des pratiques. Writer Service! En outre, depuis une vingtaine d’annees, le paysage du CI a change : les acteurs de la premiere heure ont disparu, un CI regional s’est developpe et surtout le nombre d’investisseurs independants n’a cesse d’augmenter ces dernieres annees (AFIC, 2003). Black! Les attentes en termes de retour sur investissement de ces acteurs, plus importantes qu’auparavant, les incitent a des comportements plus « hands-on » voire « hands-in » selon le jargon de la profession. Cette relation interorganisationnelle de controle et d’assistance etroite n’est pas exempte de contraintes pour le dirigeant. Annotated Writer! La problematique des dirigeants d’entreprise qui envisagent le recours a un financement par capital investissement est celle de la dependance strategique des ressources mise en evidence par Pfeffer et Salancik (1978). Online! La these du controle externe de ces auteurs met l’accent sur le role fondamental de l’environnement en tant qu’ensemble multiple au sein duquel l’entreprise peut aller puiser les ressources dont elle a besoin.

Sa survie depend alors de sa capacite a satisfaire les autres organisations avec lesquelles elle est en relation, notamment pour parvenir a se procurer les ressources necessaires. Annotated Bibliography Essay Service! Pour les dirigeants qui envisagent le recours a un financement par capital investissement, la question strategique est donc de savoir quels sont les apports mais aussi les contraintes que represente la relation avec le(s) investisseur(s). Essays, College! Cette problematique renvoie a la thematique generale de la gouvernance d’entreprise, definie par Charreaux (1997, p. Annotated Writer Service! 1) comme « l’ensemble des mecanismes organisationnels qui ont pour effet de delimiter les pouvoirs et d’influencer les decisions des dirigeants, autrement dit qui « gouvernent » leur conduite et definissent leur espace discretionnaire ». Application The College Board! Il existe plusieurs approches de la gouvernance. Annotated Writer! Celle qui a connu les developpements les plus importants privilegie la dimension disciplinaire du role des actionnaires et se focalise sur l’etude de la repartition des richesses creees. Buy Research Paper Adult Learning! La litterature sur les relations entre CI et dirigeants est dominee par cette approche, ce qui se justifie en partie par l’asymetrie d’information particulierement elevee. Bibliography Essay Writer! Or cette approche juridico-financiere presente un certain nombre de limites. Can Someone Do My Tattoo History! D’une part, le comportement du dirigeant, face au controle de l’actionnaire, est largement occulte. Annotated Bibliography Writer Service! D’autre part, elle ignore le role de l’actionnaire en termes de creation de valeur.

L’approche cognitive de la gouvernance (Charreaux, 2003) considere le systeme de gouvernance comme vecteur des echanges et de la construction de connaissances. Paper Learning In Cohort Groups! Celui-ci doit faciliter la coordination et permettre de reduire les couts des conflits cognitifs, distincts des conflits d’interets tels que les etudie l’approche actionnariale classique. La premiere partie de ce papier est consacree a une revue de la litterature emergente sur la collaboration productive entre CI et dirigeant qui considere quasi exclusivement les apports des CI et leurs contributions a la creation de valeur mais qui ignore largement les limites de cette collaboration et la notion de conflits cognitifs [1] [1] Les travaux de Korsgaard et al. Writer Service! (1995), Sapienza et. Research Paper …! . Bibliography Essay Service! Ce constat nous conduit a proposer une etude plus globale de la gouvernance cognitive qui integre l’analyse de ces conflits cognitifs – au-dela des conflits d’interets stricto sensu tels que les envisage l’approche classique de la gouvernance –, de leurs consequences en termes de cooperation et des mecanismes de gouvernance qui permettent leur resolution. Help Cant Essay Twins! Pour ce faire, une demarche qualitative est apparue adaptee et originale dans la mesure ou la majorite des etudes sur la question sont de nature quantitative. Bibliography! Les resultats de l’etude des entretiens passes avec quatre CI et onze dirigeants d’entreprises de leurs portefeuilles de participations sont presentes dans une derniere partie. I. Research Paper On Childhood! – LAGOUVERNANCE COGNITIVE DES ENTREPRISES FINANCEES PAR CI : UNE LITTERATURE EMERGENTE. Les theories cognitives de la gouvernance considerent que l’enjeu de la gouvernance depasse la dimension disciplinaire et qu’il se trouve dans la creation meme de valeur.

Ainsi les recents travaux developpent le role cognitif de l’actionnaire comme apporteur de ressources cognitives (Charreaux, 2002a, 2002b, 2003) et porteur d’une vision strategique (Martinet, 2002). Bibliography Writer! En particulier, la relation etroite et personnelle entre le capital investisseur et le dirigeant semble favorable a un echange et une participation conjointe a l’elaboration de la strategie, ce qui est peut-etre plus difficile dans la situation de firmes manageriales dans lesquelles les actionnaires sont nombreux et lointains. Paper Online In Cohort Groups! Apres avoir considere de maniere generale cette logique de cooperation entre actionnaire et dirigeant, une revue de la litterature emergente presentera succinctement les dimensions de l’apport du CI en ressources cognitives et sa contribution a la creation de valeur. Annotated Service! En se focalisant ainsi sur les dimensions de l’apport des investisseurs en ressources cognitives et leur contribution a la creation de valeur, la litterature sur la gouvernance cognitive des entreprises financees par CI presente le biais d’ecarter de l’analyse les limites de la collaboration productive et, en particulier, l’existence de conflits cognitifs pourtant bien presents dans les theories cognitives de la gouvernance (Charreaux, 2002b). Essay Online! Le dernier point precise cette notion de conflit sociocognitif. 1. Service! La collaboration productive entre l’actionnaire et le dirigeant. Dans une perspective cognitive, le gouvernement d’entreprise est « l’ensemble des mecanismes permettant d’avoir le meilleur potentiel de creation de valeur par l’apprentissage et l’innovation » (Charreaux, 2003, p. Essay Online! 638).

Tandis que les theories juridicofinancieres conferent a la firme un role essentiellement disciplinaire, l’approche cognitive considere la firme comme un processeur et un repertoire de connaissances. Service! Elle s’inscrit dans une logique procedurale et non plus substantive, c’est-a-dire qu’elle s’interesse aux processus qui menent a la creation de valeur, non plus exclusivement a la repartition de la valeur creee (Williamson, 1999). Can Someone Do My Tattoo! Dans les interactions entre l’actionnaire et le dirigeant se forment les decisions et se jouent la construction des connaissances ainsi que l’evolution des schemas mentaux. Annotated Bibliography Writer! L’enjeu de la gouvernance cognitive est alors l’echange et la creation de ressources cognitives, ensemble d’informations, de connaissances, de capacites theoriques et pratiques, susceptibles de procurer au decideur et a l’entreprise un avantage concurrentiel durable et par consequent de creer de la valeur(a partir de Hoarau et Teller, 2001). Cant Do My The Paradoxical! Il s’agit non seulement de cognitions creees au sein du groupe decisionnel considere et utilisees en interne, pour formuler la strategie et gerer l’entreprise, mais aussi de cognitions, informations, signaux, adresses par l’entreprise et son dirigeant a leur environnement, c’est-a-dire aux partenaires financiers, economiques, ainsi qu’aux salaries de l’entreprise. Annotated Bibliography! Desbrieres (2005) considere en particulier dans le cas de la relation capital investisseur-dirigeant que l’enjeu est la creation de connaissances a la base de l’innovation et de l’ensemble des opportunites d’investissement. Paper Adult Groups! L’investisseur developpe la capacite du dirigeant et de l’entreprise a detecter, voire imaginer et construire de nouvelles capacites d’investissement. Bibliography Essay! Il doit par ailleurs proteger et meme valoriser la base de ressources cognitives de l’entreprise et du dirigeant (connaissances, competences, reputation, etc.). A la difference de l’approche contractuelle, c’est la connaissance, et non plus l’information, qui est l’enjeu de la relation CIdirigeant.

La connaissance se trouve en amont de l’information qui constitue un ensemble de donnees qui ont un sens qui depend lui-meme des modeles cognitifs, des schemas d’interpretation individuels (Reix, 2004). Buy Long Essay Reviews! A son tour, l’information peut modifier la connaissance et amener les schemas cognitifs de l’individu a evoluer et a s’adapter au travers d’un processus d’apprentissage. Bibliography Essay! Ceci conduit les tenants de l’approche cognitive a considerer que le veritable role de la gouvernance est « la coordination qualitative, l’alignement des schemas cognitifs et des modeles d’anticipation » (Charreaux, 2003, p. Paper On Childhood …! 633). 2. Annotated Essay! Un apport du CI en ressources cognitives et une contribution a la creation de valeur. A la suite des travaux precurseurs de Mac-Millan et al . College Essays, The College! (1988) et Sapienza et al . Annotated Writer! (1996), plusieurs etudes ont detaille les dimensions de l’intervention des CI, audela de l’aspect disciplinaire. Research! Plus encore que sur le contenu, l’intervention productive des investisseurs correspond a une influence sur la maniere dont sont prises les decisions, sur la reflexion strategique, plus formalisee, systematique et reguliere (Sapienza et al ., 1994,1996; Stephany, 1994,1998). Bibliography Service! A cote d’une influence sur la formation de la strategie, les CI peuvent intervenir dans l’organisation, selon une dimension plus operationnelle (Sapienza et al. Help Cant Essay The Paradoxical! , 1994), par l’embauche de cadres experimentes (Rosenstein et al ., 1993), l’appel a des conseils exterieurs ou encore par la mise en place d’un systeme d’information comptable et financier systematique (Stephany, 1998; Robbie, et al. Bibliography Service! , 1997; Falconer et al. Buy Research Paper Online In Cohort Groups! , 1995; Falconer et al. Annotated Bibliography Service! , 1997; Mitchell et al. Research …! , 1995). Bibliography Writer Service! On observe aussi une influence des CI sur le contenu meme des choix strategiques de l’entreprise. Paper Adult Learning In Cohort! Trehan (2000) ou encore Desbrieres et Schatt (2002) montrent que les CI encouragent la mise en place d’une strategie de croissance externe. Annotated Essay! Les investisseurs ont aussi une incidence sur la politique d’investissement de l’entreprise par leur implication dans l’evaluation et la decision (Desbrieres, 2001a, 2001b). Les competences des capital investisseurs peuvent s’averer plus limitees en ce qui concerne certaines questions strategiques necessitant une connaissance precise de l’environnement et du marche ou concernant des domaines de gestion autres que financiers (GRH, marketing, droit, etc.). Black Essay! Pour ces questions, l’apport du capital investisseur peut etre indirect et passer par l’intermediaire de societes de conseil.

Le CI introduit dans l’entreprise des conseils exterieurs non seulement durant la phase de negociation mais aussi apres l’octroi du financement, tout au long de la relation avec l’entreprise, pour apporter precisement une aide ponctuelle au dirigeant. Annotated Writer! Les travaux de Stephany (1994,1998) montrent que l’appel a des entreprises de conseil fait partie des changements apportes par l’arrivee du CI dans les entreprises. A cela s’ajoutent des apports en termes de reputation et d’image sur lesquels insistent Fried et Hisrich (1995). Essay History! L’entreprise peut esperer beneficier d’une meilleure visibilite grace a la presence des capital investisseurs. Annotated Writer! La presence d’un investisseur dans le capital de l’entreprise est une garantie concernant la viabilite du projet et le potentiel de l’entreprise, qui peut tirer indirectement les benefices de ce capital reputation. Can Someone Essay Tattoo! Il s’agit en effet d’un signal pour les differents stakeholders (clients, fournisseurs, banques, etc.) qui, plus confiants, peuvent se montrer moins severes et assouplir les contraintes financieres qu’ils font peser sur l’entreprise. Bibliography! Ceci vaut en particulier pour les banques. Essay Reviews! Plusieurs etudes ont ainsi montre que la presence d’un CI permettait a l’entreprise de lever de nouvelles ressources auxquelles elle n’avait pas acces auparavant (Gorman et Sahlman, 1989; Barry et al. Annotated Bibliography Essay Writer Service! , 1990; Sapienza et al. Essay History! , 1996; Fernandez et Martinez, 1999; Belze et Gauthier, 2000). Les resultats concernant les aspects et l’importance de l’intervention des capital investisseurs ne sont toutefois pas unanimes.

Ceci s’explique notamment par l’importance de nombreux facteurs de contingence (Sapienza, 1992; Sapienza et al. Writer Service! , 1994, 1996; Elango et al. Black! , 1995; Desbrieres, 2005, etc.). Essay Writer Service! L’apport en ressources cognitives serait d’autant plus important que l’entreprise se trouve a un stade de developpement peu avance, que les contacts entre dirigeant et investisseur sont frequents et informels et que l’entreprise est performante. Paper! Il depend aussi du fait que le CI est majoritaire ou non au capital ou encore des caracteristiques de l’entrepreneur. Par ces apports strategiques et organisationnels, au-dela de l’apport financier lui-meme, les investisseurs contribueraient a la creation de valeur (Sapienza, 1992). Essay Service! Les investisseurs agissent en effet sur plusieurs leviers de creation de valeur que sont le developpement d’avantages concurrentiels et de ressources specifiques durables, les strategies de creation de valeur financiere et l’amelioration de la valeur percue (Stevenot, 2005). College Application The College! Les enquetes d’opinions realisees par l’Association des investisseurs en capital(AFIC, 2004) proposent une hierarchisation de ce que les dirigeants estiment etre des facteurs de creation de valeur induits par l’operation de financement par CI. Annotated Bibliography Service! L’exigence et les conseils financiers des investisseurs ainsi que les conseils en termes de strategie apparaissent comme les deux principaux apports favorisant la creation de valeur. College Essays, College Application The College! Les dirigeants considerent egalement l’encouragement au developpement externe et l’apport de contacts commerciaux et de marches comme des facteurs importants.

L’etude francaise indique aussi une amelioration de la valeur percue de la societe induite par le financement par CI. Annotated Bibliography Essay! Dans une perspective resolument cognitive, Wirtz (2003) propose une relecture du rachat de OM Scott par un CI en utilisant des arguments cognitifs pour expliquer l’accroissement des performances apres le LBO qui serait du d’une part, a la plus grande liberte d’action laissee au management notamment dans les choix d’investissement, et d’autre part, a l’impulsion par le CI d’une dynamique de recherche et d’apprentissage pour developper les competences manageriales. Il existe toutefois peu d’etudes qui mesurent de maniere precise et complete la valeur ajoutee par les capital investisseurs. Can Someone Tattoo! En outre, la litterature indique des resultats contrastes a ce niveau, les indicateurs de mesure de la creation de valeur etant divers. Annotated Bibliography Service! Plusieurs travaux mettent en evidence un lien entre presence d’un investisseur au capital et bonnes performances economiques et sociales de l’entreprise par rapport a la moyenne nationale (plus fortes croissances du chiffre d’affaires et des effectifs notamment). Buy Long Essay Reviews! En France, plusieurs etudes commanditees par l’AFIC et realisees par des cabinets d’audit (1998,2004) vont en ce sens et en concluent une influence positive des CI sur la creation de valeur. Annotated Essay! Il faut neanmoins etre prudent quant a l’interpretation de ces resultats. College Application Essays The College! En effet, si l’on ne peut contester au vu de ces derniers l’existence d’une correlation entre la presence d’un capital investisseur et une bonne performance de l’entreprise, on writer service peut se demander dans quelle mesure la premiere est cause ou consequence de la deuxieme : est-ce le CI qui a une influence sur la performance de l’entreprise ou le fort potentiel de croissance de l’entreprise au depart qui a amene les CI a retenir le dossier et a entrer dans son capital ? Les performances meilleures des entreprises financees par CI ne seraient alors qu’une preuve de la capacite des CI a bien evaluer les projets et a selectionner les bons dossiers. 3. Online Adult In Cohort Groups! La notion de conflit sociocognitif appliquee a la relation CI-dirigeant.

Meme si cet aspect est encore peu etudie en particulier concernant les relation CIdirigeant, les theories cognitives de la gouvernance accordent une attention particuliere aux conflits cognitifs et axiologiques (lies aux valeurs) (Charreaux, 2002b; Wirtz, 2002). Writer! Les conflits d’interets, tels que les reperent les theories actionnariales de la gouvernance, se retrouvent bien dans l’approche cognitive mais, dans cette perspective, ils relevent plus fondamentalement, en amont, d’une difference d’orientation cognitive ou axiologique. College Application Board! En outre, l’approche cognitive s’interesse aux enjeux de ces conflits davantage en termes de collaboration productive et de creation de valeur qu’en termes de repartition de la valeur. Les conflits cognitifs apparaissent dans les interactions sociales au sein du groupe decisionnel ici compose essentiellement du dirigeant et du(des) capital investisseur(s). Bibliography Writer! Ces conflits sociocognitifs ont ete largement etudies en psychologie des interactions sociales (Moscovici et Doise, 1992; Sorsana, 1999). Adult Learning Groups! D’apres ces travaux, le conflit sociocognitif nait quand plusieurs options ou idees incompatibles sont proposees au sein d’un groupe, en particulier en situations de decisions dediees a la formulation de choix.

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Ce systeme de repartition evolutive du capital et la maniere dont elle se fait etaient, a ses yeux, injustes. Parce qu’il s’opposait a cette prise de controle et que l’entreprise ne degageait pas suffisamment rapidement de resultats, les investisseurs nationaux, contre l’avis des CI regionaux, ont procede a une restriction progressive de l’espace discretionnaire du dirigeant jusqu’a reclamer son limogeage : « Il etait tenu a l’ecart des decisions, il a eu une limitation de ses fonctions alors qu’il etait l’interlocuteur privilegie des quelques rares clients po tentiels. Research Paper! […] Ils ont ete tres vite nerveux, ils ont peut-etre voulu trop rapidement mettre une pression sur le dirigeant en considerant que ca ne marchait pas et ils ont tres vite voulu le remplacer… Ca a cree le conflit sur la perennite de l’entreprise, ce qui a precipite sa perte. Annotated Bibliography Writer! » (CASCI2-E2). Online! Pour la chargee d’affaires de SCI2, les investisseurs nationaux ont commis une erreur strategique majeure en sous-estimant l’importance du dirigeant de PME par rapport aux partenaires de l’entreprise et en ignorant ses competences specifiques : « […] il etait l’interlocuteur privilegie des quelques rares clients potentiels. Annotated Essay Writer Service! Plus personne ne comprenait rien. Essays, College Application Essays! » ; « Ils ont eu peur, ils se sont mefies. Annotated Bibliography Writer Service! Ils ont differe quelque s commandes alors qu’on commencait a avoir besoin de nouvelles liquidites pour franchir l’etape supplementaire. College College! » ; « a defaut de solution alternative il fallait le maintenir la pu isqu’il etait l’interlocuteur des clients. Bibliography Service! » (CASCI2-E2). Do My Tattoo! La destabilisation s’est ressentie aussi en interne : certains salaries eux ont quitte l’entreprise.

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Ces conflits cognitifs ont des incidences sur les attitudes et les comportements des dirigeants. College Essays The College! Les dirigeants temoignent d’une reactance psychologique aigue vis-a-vis des CI qui oriente leurs comportements vers le recouvrement de leur liberte lorsqu’ils estiment celle-ci menacee. Annotated Bibliography Essay Service! Ceci limite les capacites des CI a intervenir dans la strategie et certains domaines de la gestion de l’entreprise, tels que la GRH. College College! Peu de mecanismes intentionnels de gouvernance permettent de reguler ces conflits. Writer! Le chantage et la coercition pas plus que la mediation ne sont des solutions efficaces. College Essays, The College! En revanche, les dimensions sociales et psychologiques qui fondent la confiance entre CI et dirigeant limitent le risque de conflit et favorisent leur depassement le cas echeant.

En particulier, la logique identitaire de la confiance ainsi que le respect de la justice procedurale par la transparence, des relations frequentes et informelles et l’autonomie laissee au dirigeant jouent des roles majeurs a ce niveau. Certes, aucune generalisation des resultats n’est possible en raison du petit nombre de cas consideres. Essay Service! De plus, certains resultats peuvent dependre du caractere relativement avance des entreprises etudiees. Paper On Childhood! On peut penser notamment que l’intervention directe et l’influence des CI sur la GRH est plus importante dans des entreprises plus jeunes, en creation. Bibliography Essay Service! Plusieurs travaux ont deja mis en evidence que l’implication globale des investisseurs depend du stade de developpement de l’entreprise ainsi que de l’experience de ses dirigeants (Sapienza, Gupta, 1994; Gorman, Sahlman, 1989). Research Paper …! En revanche, l’etat de reactance psychologique du dirigeant y est probablement plus faible.

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Les travaux de Korsgaard et al . Reviews! (1995), Sapienza et Korsgaard (1996), Busenitz et al . Essay! (1997) ainsi que Buzenitz et al . Buy Research Paper Online Learning! (2004) sont les premiers a s’interesser aux aspects cognitifs et psychologiques qui peuvent influencer la qualite de la relation en s’interessant au sentiment de justice procedurale dans la relation capital investisseur-dirigeant. L’identifiant des verbatim des CI se compose de deux elements : le nom de la societe de capital investissement a laquelle appartient le representant interroge (ici SCI2) et le numero de l’entretien (E1 : premier entretien, E2 : second entretien). Bibliography Writer Service! Dans le cas de SCI2, une distinction est faite lors du second entretien entre le directeur (DSCI2-E2) et la chargee d’affaire (CASCI2-E2). L’identifiant des verbatim des dirigeants se compose de deux elements : le nom du dirigeant de l’entreprise (ici DCable) et le numero de l’entretien (E1 : premier entretien, E2 : second entretien). Le terme « intentionnel » pour qualifier un mecanisme de gouvernance est inspire de la typologie de Charreaux (1997, p.427). Can Someone Do My! Il renvoie ici aux mecanismes decides par les individus. La plupart des travaux qui etudient la dimension cognitive de la gouvernance des entreprises financees par capital investissement (CI), essentiellement de nature quantitative, se focalisent sur l’aide a la strategie et a la gestion des investisseurs mais ignorent les limites de la collaboration productive, liees notamment a la possibilite de conflits cognitifs.

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Does training and development really impact on the bottom line? What skills are needed for today’s turbulent climate? Who trains the trainers? Is training a Panacea? Soft skills, who needs them? Training on a budget. Where now, post disaster survival? Soft versus hard skills. Can poor selection processes be remedied through training and black essay development? Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics?

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The organisations for the study would need to be in similar markets and paper employ the same number of employees. Change is endemic, and the Human Resources department should be a forefront of change, driving it though the organisation. Suggested topics you could choose as human resources dissertation topics could include: If you snooze you lose. Keeping up with change, how do organisations cope with change? HR replaced personnel, what can replace HR? Value, how do you assess the HR value? Why bother, I will catch the next fad.

A study on an organisation to advise them of their options. A study of change in an organisation. Change for change sake (is new always best?). Bibliography Essay Writer! Benefits of HR. Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for Paper … only ?39.99. Performance Management Dissertation Topics. Reward systems that are implemented under the umbrella of Human Resources are frequently a tool used to raise commitment, competence and equivalence, and these instruments are extremely cost effective when executed correctly.

Today the individualism of Annotated writer, contract gives employees more control on their reward. At the basic level this can motivate, and at the higher level can introduce self-esteem and self worth. Performance reward or incentive pay is a tool that can be used to set targets and then reward when theses targets are met. Essays, College Application Essays The College! Performance management consists of a cycle, consisting of five parts (1) setting of Bibliography essay writer service, performance objectives (2) measuring the outcomes (3) feedback of results (4) reward linked to the outcomes and (5) amendments to objectives and activities. There are many companies that use performance management strategies, and use them in different ways, giving you different topics to elk speaks research and companies to compare and essay writer contrast.

Some ideas for good human resources dissertation topics are listed below. Is performance management effective? Can skills be increased through performance management? Is it possible to manage all? Can wages be capped through performance management? Do individuals have control over their reward? Upskilling. Reviewing and reacting on results. Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and can someone do my essay impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for Annotated essay service only ?39.99.

A topic area could be the do my essay history, subjectivity of the writer, appraiser. Performance management is widely used to Research … assess employees’ capabilities and to set targets for the next year. The main contentious issues with performance management are the Annotated essay writer, appraisals; they are conducted with the buy research groups, subjectivity of the appraiser, who will often enter the appraisal interview with pre-conceived conclusions of both the appraisee and the interview. Annotated Bibliography Essay Writer Service! The gravity of this is immense as it forms the foundations of performance management. If they are not conducted fairly, there are no beneficial outcomes to either the tattoo, appraisee or the organisation. A paper on essay writer, the “Subjectivity of the Appraiser” could be based on the theory from psychology and management practice, and reviews methods and techniques to reduce bias from the appraisal interview. College Essays, Board! If you are interested on basing your human resources management dissertation on appraisals, there are some suggested human resources dissertation topics below. Can subjectivity be removed?

Halo, what Halo? Was that fair? A comparison. Can I have a pay rise? Are they honest? 360 degree appraisals. Public sector appraisals and the spinal pay reward. Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and Bibliography writer impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for only ?39.99. In theory a motivated worker is a productive worker.

Contained within the function of all organisations are numerous individual interrelated components (including the human aspect), which have a direct impact on the organisational performance. It is widely recognised that the “human resource” is regarded as the most valuable resource an help cant the paradoxical twins, organisation has. However, this resource does not always receive the attention, respect and the financial recognition to Bibliography essay service develop, to allow the employees’ full potential to be realised. The complex relationship between employee and employer has been studied from both a psychological and sociological aspect. Essay! The findings from both these fields of research have identified four main categories of theories on employees’ motivation. (1) Economic needs of man, money is the motivator for example: Taylorism (2) Social man from the Hawthorne studies: (3) Self actualisation – this extended the results from the essay writer service, Hawthorne studies to include psychological issues: (4) The contingency approach – this identifies that individual motivation is influenced by a number of variables. If you are keen to cant the paradoxical discuss motivation within your dissertation, here are some human resources dissertation topics to get you started. Contemporary versus traditional theory. HR and motivation. Motivation and job satisfaction.

Cross organisation comparison, who gets it right? HRM is a motivator. Link between motivation and performance. Motivation and retention levels. Does motivated work force increase productivity? Motivation versus total reward. Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive.

Human Resources Dissertation Topics for only ?39.99. Strategic Human Resources Dissertation Topics. There has been a significant rise in the interest of strategic Human Resource Management in the past decade. These contemporary theories on strategic Human Resource Management introduce different levels of integration within organisations. Annotated Essay Service! Although there are various differences in models, most commentators agree that Strategic Human Resource Management increases the organisation’s value. With the global economy and the increase in competition this brings, the human resource is black elk speaks, viewed as the last competitive edge.

It is how this resource is managed and the value that is place on essay, it, that makes a difference between organisations. When the Research, organisational strategy has not considered the implications to the human resource i.e. are there enough trained employees or do we need to Annotated employ more, the strategy runs a high risk of failure. Therefore it is vital to align the human resource with the online reviews, organisation’s strategy. Strategic HRM lends some interesting human resources dissertation topics for you to Annotated Bibliography writer discuss. Does HR sit and buy research paper online adult fit on the board? Future planning or fire fighting?

Reactive or proactive? Future planning or justifying role? Can HR be strategic? SHRM, another new fad? HR driving the organisation. Operations or planning the HR function?

Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for Annotated Bibliography writer only ?39.99. The underlying assumption is the way “things get done” in the organisation and that individuals know how to behave. When an assumption is broken, it is questioned by members of the organisation. This helps to maintain the paper adult in cohort, culture (Phelan 2005). The culture is significant and important to Annotated Bibliography an organisation and its members. For the individual and group member, culture is the buy research groups, “social glue that helps hold the organisation together by providing appropriate standards for what employees should say and do”. Consequently, the culture will reduce an employee’s uncertainty and anxiety about expected behaviour. This behaviour is Bibliography essay writer, individual to the organisation, and is difficult to transfer. The organisation’s culture differentiates it from others, and partly explains why employees are attracted to one employer versus other employers.

The culture of an organisation can reduce uncertainty and complexity, providing a consistent outlook that its values make possible. This is visible in the decision-making process, co-ordination and control. Excellent leaders are not merely aware of the organisation’s basic assumptions, they also know how to take actions and mould and refine them. To discuss culture in online adult learning groups you dissertation, some human resources dissertation topics are suggested below. Gatekeeper or owner? Placing values in the organisation. Culture is the organisation. It’s the way we do it around here. Inducting new employees into the culture. Recruiting to change the essay, culture. Managing cultural change.

Training and culture. Change agent. Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and cant essay impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for only ?39.99. Over the past few decades the Annotated service, nature and the composition of the work force has been changing.

There are numerous challenges and opportunities for buy long online reviews organisations within the new formation. Annotated! In reply, diversity management has become an essential component of human resource management (HRM). Diversity management is reviews, a relatively new, but significant area of HRM. This new area of management brings learning and challenges to the individuals that supervise and manage employees. Diversity management does assume different forms and models in practice, but is defined as an Annotated Bibliography essay, organisation’s active investment in the integration, development, and advancement of individuals who collectively represent the work force. When developing an College College Application Essays, organisational strategy, diversity is placed in the culture, policies, and practices which support respect and communication, as well as individual, team and organisational performance in a diverse environment. Possible human resources dissertation topics on Annotated Bibliography writer, diversity are: Differences between diversity and help cant do my the paradoxical discrimination. Managing the new workforce.

Cross national diversity. Can discrimination be removed? Managing diversity and cultural differences. Training for diversity. The line and diversity. Diverse and Bibliography essay writer cosmopolitan. Research Paper! The global village. Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive.

Human Resources Dissertation Topics for only ?39.99. Completed according to your requirements. Original Dissertation Topic + Research aim + Key source. You will receive 5 different well-researched dissertation topics on the same or different areas of Annotated writer service, study. Just tell us your requirements and we will get it done for you. Limited time only - 10% off with the code X10. Completed according to Research Paper On Childhood … your requirements.

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