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A Sample Fish Farming Business Plan Template. Entrance! Are you about starting a fish farming business? If YES, here is cheap media, a complete sample fish farming business plan template feasibility report you can use for FREE . Okay, so we have considered all the requirements for starting a fish farming business. We also took it further by analyzing and drafting a sample fish farming marketing plan template backed up by actionable guerrilla marketing ideas for fish farms. Graduate School Entrance Essay Samples! So let#8217;s proceed to the business planning section. School Essay For …! Fish farming is a very lucrative business. It has been in school entrance, existence for a very long time and more and more people have found it a very good means of livelihood. One of the unique things about the fish farming trade is that you have the opportunity to rear fishes and watch them grow from tiny to big enough to be traded with. This business isn’t so capital intensive, however it requires that one garners a good skill in the trade so that one can apply expertise in the business and not lose money at a slightest mistake. Much more than the skills to be garnered there is the business plan that needs to be written.
Business plans help you to decipher how a business is really being run. Papers Online Cheap And Experts! Here below is a sample fish farming business plan; A Sample Fish Farming Business Plan Template. The Fish and Seafood Aquaculture Industry Overview. The agricultural industry of which Fish and essay samples Seafood Aquaculture business is a subset of is no doubt among the leading industry in most countries of the world; it is the industry that produces fish and seafood for the populace. Because of the significant role the agriculture sector plays, the research on rural in india, government of most countries ensures that they go all the way to subsidize seedlings, fertilizers, and farming implements and machinery for farmers and also encourage entrepreneurs to entrance essay samples go into School Questions commercial farming (fish farming inclusive). The Fish and Seafood Aquaculture industry comprises of businesses that farm aquatic animals or plants in controlled aquatic environments. Businesses in this industry make use of essay some form of assessment decisions intervention in the rearing process to enhance production, such as holding in captivity and protecting from school entrance essay predators, pests and research on rural banking in india disease. It is important to state that this industry does not including the fishing and harvesting of wild fish and shellfish especially on graduate school essay samples, the high sea. A study conducted by Business Questions for … IBISWORLD shows that the entrance essay, Fish and School for … Seafood Aquaculture industry has indeed experienced slow growth over the last five years. Given that the school entrance essay samples, vast majority of the revenue generated in the industry is derived from Essay Questions sales of fish, mollusks and crustaceans that will be processed into food products, this industry’s success is tied to levels of seafood consumption. Graduate! Per capita seafood consumption in buy law essay uk quarantine, the United States has declined over the last five years, putting strain on school entrance samples, businesses in this industry.
Nonetheless, increases in the price of my essay appeals seafood, combined with a healthy export market, have boosted the revenue growth in this industry. The revenue generation from graduate school entrance samples The Fish and Seafood Aquaculture industry is help me do my essay gore on public, projected to grow at an annualized rate of 0.3 percent to $1.5 billion over entrance essay the five-year period. The Fish and Seafood Aquaculture industry is indeed a very large industry and pretty much thriving in all parts of the cheap against assessment decisions, world especially in developed countries such as United States of school essay America, Canada, United Kingdom, Portugal Germany, Australia and the Caribbean et al. Statistics has it that in the United States of America alone, there are about 2,087 licensed and registered Fish and help my essay on public Seafood Aquaculture company directly responsible for employing about graduate 10,440 employees and best custom 767 indirectly responsible for employing roughly 1,339,900. The industry rakes in a whooping sum of $1billion annually with an annual growth rate projected at 0.3 percent. It is important to state that there are no establishments with a lion share of the available market in this industry. If you are looking towards leveraging on the agriculture industry to graduate school entrance samples generate huge income, then one of your best bet is to start a fish and buy research cheap media seafood aquaculture business. One thing is certain about starting fish and seafood aquaculture business, if you are able to conduct your market research and feasibility studies, you are more likely not going to struggle to school entrance samples sell your fish and buy law essay seafood because there are always food processing companies and consumers out there who are ready to buy from graduate school entrance essay samples you.
Fish Farming Business Plan Executive Summary. St. Vincent Fish and Seafood Aquaculture, LLC is a world class and licensed Fish and Seafood Aquaculture Company that will be based in a riverine area in Columbia, South Carolina – United States. We have done our detailed market research and online cheap media feasibility studies and we were able to graduate school entrance essay secure a hundred hectares of land to start our fish and seafood aquaculture business. Our fish and custom paper seafood farm is graduate school entrance essay samples, going to be standard fish and seafood farm hence will be involved in raising and harvesting finfish (e.g. catfish, trout, tilapia and minnows), raising and harvesting shellfish (e.g. clams, oysters, crustaceans, mollusks and buy law essay shrimp), raising and harvesting ornamental fish (e.g. goldfish and tropical fish), raising and harvesting aquaculture species to augment or replenish wild habitats, and raising and harvesting other aquaculture (e.g. seaweed, alligators, frogs and turtles) et al. We are in the Fish and Seafood Aquaculture industry because we want to graduate entrance leverage on the vast opportunities available in the agriculture industry, to contribute our quota in growing the U.S. economy, in national food production, and also to uk quarantine fish and seafood from the United States to other countries and over and above to make profit. St. Vincent Fish and Seafood Aquaculture, LLC is well positioned to become one of the leading fish and seafood farming business in the United States of America, which is why we have been able to source for the best hands and machines to run the company with. Graduate Essay! We have put process and strategies in place that will help us employ best practices when it comes to fish and seafood farming processes as required by the regulating bodies in the United States of America. At St. Vincent Fish and on rural in india Seafood Aquaculture, LLC, our customer’s best interest will always come first, and everything we do will be guided by our values and professional ethics.
We will ensure that we hold ourselves accountable to the highest standards by school entrance meeting our client’s needs precisely and completely. We will cultivate a working environment that provides a human, sustainable approach to earning a living, and living in our world, for our partners, employees and for our clients. St. Vincent Fish and Seafood Aquaculture, LLC is a private registered fish and seafood farming company that is owned by Vincent Denis and his immediate family members. Custom 767! The fish and seafood farm will be fully and single handedly financed by the owner – Vincent Denis and his immediate family members at least for a period of time. Vincent Denis studied Fishery and he has well over 10 years of hands on experience in the fish and seafood aquaculture industry. St.
Vincent Fish and Seafood Aquaculture, LLC is school entrance essay, a standard fish and seafood farming company that is committed to raising fish and seafood for both the United States’ market and the global market. We are in the fish and seafood to make profits and we are going to do all we can to achieve our business goals, aim and gore on public reform objectives. Graduate Essay! These are the buy research papers online cheap media, areas we will concentrate on in our fish and seafood farming business; Raising and school entrance harvesting finfish (e.g. catfish, trout, tilapia and minnows) Raising and harvesting shellfish (e.g. clams, oysters, crustaceans, mollusks and best custom 767 shrimp) Raising and harvesting ornamental fish (e.g. goldfish and tropical fish) Raising and harvesting aquaculture species to graduate school augment or replenish wild habitats Raising and harvesting other aquaculture (e.g. seaweed, alligators, frogs and turtles) Our Vision is to become one of the leading fish and seafood farm brands not just in the United States of America but also on the global stage. St. Research In India! Vincent Fish and Seafood Aquaculture, LLC is essay, a world class and registered fish and seafood farming company that is paper on rural, committed to raising fish and seafood for both the United States’ market and the global market.
We want our fish and seafood to flood the nooks and crannies of the United States and other countries of the world. St. Vincent Fish and Seafood Aquaculture, LLC is a privately owned and managed fish and seafood business that intend starting small in fishing community in school entrance essay samples, Columbia – South Carolina, but hope to grow big in order to compete favorably with leading fish and seafood farming companies in the industry both in the United States and on a global stage. We are aware of the School Essay Questions for …, importance of essay samples building a solid business structure that can support the picture of the kind of best custom paper 767 world class business we want to own. This is why we are committed to only hire the best hands within our area of entrance samples operations.
At St. My Essay Against Assessment! Vincent Fish and Seafood Aquaculture, LLC, we will ensure that we hire people that are qualified, hardworking, and creative, result driven, customer centric and are ready to work to help us build a prosperous business that will benefit all the stake holders (the owners, workforce, and graduate entrance customers). As a matter of papers online media fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to all our senior management staff and it will be based on entrance essay, their performance for School Essay for …, a period of five years or more as agreed by the board of trustees of the company. In view of the above, we have decided to graduate entrance hire qualified and competent hands to buy law occupy the following positions; Chief Operating Officer General Fish and Seafood Farm Manager Human Resources and Admin Manager Accountant / Cashier Sales and Marketing Executive Field Employees Front Desk Officer. Roles and Responsibilities.
Increases management#8217;s effectiveness by recruiting, selecting, orienting, training, coaching, counseling, and disciplining managers; communicating values, strategies, and objectives; assigning accountabilities; planning, monitoring, and appraising job results; developing incentives; developing a climate for offering information and entrance samples opinions; providing educational opportunities. Responsible for providing direction for the business Creates, communicates, and implements the help me do my essay on public school, organization#8217;s vision, mission, and overall direction i.e. leading the development and implementation of the overall organization#8217;s strategy. Responsible for signing checks and documents on behalf of the company Evaluates the success of the organization. General Fish and graduate school Seafood Farm Manager. Responsible for the planning, management and coordinating all farm activities across the various sections on behalf of the organization Supervises other section manager Ensures compliance during project executions Provides advice on the management of papers media farming activities across all section Responsible for carrying out risk assessment Using IT systems and software to keep track of graduate people and progress of the growth of buy research papers online cheap and experts fish and seafood in our ponds Responsible for overseeing the accounting, costing and sale of fish and seafood farm produce Represents the organization’s interest at various stakeholders meetings Ensures that farming goals desired result are achieved, the most efficient resources (manpower, equipment, tools and entrance essay samples chemicals et al) are utilized and different interests involved are satisfied. Responsible for preparing financial reports, budgets, and financial statements for the organization. Human Resources and Admin Manager. Responsible for school education, overseeing the smooth running of HR and administrative tasks for the organization Updates job knowledge by participating in educational opportunities; reading professional publications; maintaining personal networks; participating in professional organizations.
Enhances department and organization reputation by accepting ownership for graduate entrance essay, accomplishing new and different requests; exploring opportunities to add value to custom paper 767 job accomplishments. Defines job positions for recruitment and managing interviewing process Carries out staff induction for new team members Responsible for training, evaluation and assessment of employees Oversees the smooth running of the daily office. Responsible for preparing financial reports, budgets, and financial statements for the organization Provides managements with financial analyses, development budgets, and accounting reports; analyzes financial feasibility for the most complex proposed projects; conducts market research to forecast trends and business conditions. Responsible for financial forecasting and risks analysis. Performs cash management, general ledger accounting, and financial reporting for school entrance, one or more properties. Help And Bush On Public School Education Reform! Responsible for developing and managing financial systems and policies Responsible for administering payrolls Ensures compliance with taxation legislation Handles all financial transactions for St. Vincent Fish and Seafood Aquaculture, LLC Serves as internal auditor for graduate school entrance samples, St. Vincent Fish and Seafood Aquaculture, LLC. Sales and best Marketing Manager. Manage external research and coordinate all the internal sources of information to retain the organizations’ best customers and attract new ones Model demographic information and analyze the volumes of transactional data generated by customer Identifies development opportunities; follows up on graduate school entrance essay, development leads and Business contacts; participates in the structuring and financing of projects; assures the school entrance, completion of development projects. Writing winning proposal documents, negotiate fees and rates in line with organizations’ policy Responsible for handling business research, market surveys and feasibility studies for on public, clients Responsible for supervising implementation, advocate for the customer’s needs, and communicate with clients Develops, executes and evaluates new plans for expanding increase sales Creates new markets cum businesses for the organization Empowers and motivates the sales team to meet and surpass agreed targets.
Field Workers / Contract Staff. Responsible for feeding fish and seafood as instructed by the supervisor Responsible for cleaning the graduate school, ponds and the entire fish farm environment Changes the cheap write my essay against, water in the pond as instructed by the supervisor on a regular basis Handles fish and seafood farm implements and machines (hatchery) as instructed by the section manager / supervisor Responsible for raising and graduate school samples harvesting finfish (e.g. catfish, trout, tilapia and minnows) Responsible for raising and harvesting shellfish (e.g. clams, oysters, crustaceans, mollusks and shrimp) Responsible for raising and harvesting ornamental fish (e.g. goldfish and buy law essay tropical fish) Responsible for raising and harvesting aquaculture species to augment or replenish wild habitats Responsible for raising and harvesting other aquaculture (e.g. seaweed, alligators, frogs and turtles) Carries out task in line with the stated job description Assists in transport working tools and equipment from the fish and graduate school essay samples seafood farm and back to the designated store room Handles any other duties as assigned my the line manager. Front Desk / Customer’s Service Officer. Welcomes clients and potential clients by greeting them in best paper, person, online or on the telephone; answering or directing inquiries. Ensures that all contacts with clients (e-mail, walk-In center, SMS or phone) provides the client with a personalized customer service experience of the highest level Through interaction with clients on the phone, uses every opportunity to build client’s interest in the company’s products and services Manages administrative duties assigned by the creative director in an effective and timely manner Consistently stays abreast of any new information on the organizations’ products, promotional campaigns etc. to ensure accurate and helpful information is supplied to clients when they make enquiries. Fish Farming Business Plan SWOT Analysis. Entrance Essay Samples! St. Vincent Fish and Seafood Aquaculture, LLC do not intend to launch out with trial and error hence the need to conduct a proper SWOT analysis. Best Custom! We know that if we get it right from the onset, we would have succeeded in creating the foundation that will help us build a standard fish and seafood farming company that will favorably compete with leading players in the Fish and school entrance essay samples Seafood Aquaculture industry in the United States of America and in the rest part of the world. We engaged the services of a core professional in the area of business consulting and structuring to assist our organization in building a well – structured fish and seafood farming company that can favorably compete in the highly competitive fish and seafood aquaculture industry in the United States and the world at large.
Part of what the essay, team of graduate school business consultant did was to work with the management of buy law essay our organization in conducting a SWOT analysis for St. Vincent Fish and Seafood Aquaculture, LLC. Here is a summary from the result of the SWOT analysis that was conducted on behalf of St. Vincent Fish and Seafood Aquaculture, LLC; Our strength as a fish and seafood farming company is the fact that we have healthy relationships with loads of major players (agriculture merchants) in the industry; both suppliers of fish and seafood feeds and medications and buyers of fish and seafood within and outside of the United States of America. We have some of the latest fish farming hatchery, tools and equipment that will help us raise and produce fish and seafood in commercial quantities with less stress. School Essay! Aside from our relationship (network) and equipment, we can confidently boast that we have some the most experienced hands in Columbia – South Carolina in our payroll. Our weakness could be that we are a new fish and seafood farming company in the United States, and perhaps it might take us sometime to attract big time customers in the industry. Buy Research And Experts! We are aware of this and from our projection will overcome this weakness with time and turn it to a major advantage for the business.
The opportunities that are available to us as a standard and world – class fish and seafood farming company cannot be quantified, we know that there are loads of households, and businesses such as hotels and fast food restaurants that can’t do without daily supply of fresh water fish and seafood. We are well positioned to take advantage of this opportunity. Some of the threats and challenges that we are likely going to graduate school entrance face when we start our own fish and seafood farming company are global economic downturn that can impact negatively on household spending, bad weather cum natural disasters (draughts, epidemics), unfavorable government policies and the arrival of a competitor within same location. There is hardly anything you can do as regards this threats and challenges other than to be optimistic that things will continue to work for best 767, your good. Fish Farming Business Plan MARKET ANALYSIS. The Fish and Seafood Aquaculture industry has greatly benefited from campaigns advertising the health benefits of fish and seafood as a good source of protein. The vast majority of the revenue generated in entrance essay samples, the industry is derived from sales of fish, mollusks and crustaceans that will be processed into food products; this industry’s success is Business, tied to levels of seafood consumption. Per capita seafood consumption in the United States has declined over the last five years, putting strain on businesses in this industry. Nonetheless, increases in the price of seafood, combined with a healthy export market, have boosted the revenue growth in this industry. The revenue generation from The Fish and Seafood Aquaculture industry is projected to graduate school entrance essay grow at an annualized rate of 0.3 percent to $1.5 billion over the five-year period.
As a matter of fact, one of the new trends is that with the recent advancement in technology, fish and seafood farmers can now comfortably predict and produce the quantities of fish and seafood they want to produce per research on rural in india time from graduate school essay samples their hatchery. Naturally, the target market of best paper those who are the end consumer of fish and seafood and also those who benefits from the business value chain of the fish and entrance samples seafood aquaculture industry is all encompassing; it is far – reaching. Every household consumes produce from fish and seafood farms be it finfish (e.g. catfish, trout, tilapia and minnows), shellfish (e.g. clams, oysters, crustaceans, mollusks and shrimp), ornamental fish (e.g. goldfish and tropical fish), and other aquaculture (e.g. seaweed, alligators, frogs and turtles). So also almost all hotels and research fast restaurants sell fish and seafood. Graduate Essay! In essence a fish and seafood farmer should be able to sell his or her farm produce to as many people as possible. In view of buy law essay uk quarantine that, we have positioned our business to attract consumers of fish and seafood not just in the United States of America alone but also other parts of the school essay, world.
We have conducted our market research and survey and best custom paper we will ensure that we meet and surpass the expectations we set for the business. Below is a list of the people and business that we will market our fish and seafood to; Our Competitive Advantage. It is easier to find entrepreneur flocking towards an industry that is known to generate consistent income which is why there are increase number of fish and graduate school entrance essay seafood farmers in the United States of buy law uk quarantine America and of course in most parts of the world. School Entrance Essay! For example, Statistics has it that there are 2.2 million farms in the United States of America, covering an area of 922 million acres. These goes to show that there are appreciable numbers of farmers in the United States of America but that does not mean that there is stiffer competition in the industry. As a matter of fact, entrepreneurs are encouraged by cheap against decisions the government to graduate essay samples embrace commercial farming cum fish and seafood farming business. Custom 767! This is so because part of the success of any nation is her ability to cultivate her own food and also export foods to other nations of the entrance essay samples, world. St. Vincent Fish and Seafood Aquaculture, LLC is fully aware that there are competitions when it comes to Business Essay selling fish and school entrance essay seafood all over the globe, which is why we decided to carry out thorough market research so as to know how to take advantage of the paper banking in india, available market in the United States and in other parts of the world. We have done our homework and we have been able to essay highlight some factors that will give us competitive advantage in cheap appeals against assessment, the marketplace; some of the factors are effective and reliable fish and seafood farming processes that can help us sell our produce at competitive prices, good network and excellent relationship management.
Another competitive advantage that we are bringing to graduate school entrance samples the industry is the fact that we have healthy relationships with loads of major players (agriculture merchants) in the industry; both suppliers of fish and seafood feeds and medications and buyers of fish and seafood within and my essay against decisions outside of the United States of graduate school entrance essay America. We have some of the latest fish and seafood farming hatchery, tools and cheap write my essay against equipment that will help us raise fish and seafood in school entrance essay samples, commercial quantities with less stress. Aside from our relationship (network) and equipment, we can confidently boast that we have some the most experienced hands in Columbia – South Carolina in buy law uk quarantine, our payroll. Lastly, all our employees will be well taken care of, and their welfare package will be among the graduate entrance essay, best within our category (startups fish and seafood farming companies in the United States) in cheap media and experts, the industry. It will enable them to be more than willing to build the business with us and help deliver our set goals and achieve all our business aims and objectives. Fish Farming Business Plan SALES AND MARKETING STRATEGY. Entrance Essay Samples! We are quite aware that the papers cheap media and experts, reason why some fish and seafood farming companies hardly make good profits is their inability to entrance samples sell off their fish and seafood as at when due. Our sales and marketing team will be recruited based on their vast experience in the fish and seafood aquaculture industry and they will be trained on a regular basis so as to be well equipped to meet their targets and the overall business goal of St. Vincent Fish and Seafood Aquaculture, LLC.
Over and above, we have perfected our sale and marketing strategies first by networking with agriculture merchants and businesses that rely on School Essay, daily supply of fish and seafood that are likely to graduate entrance essay samples become our customers. In summary, St. Vincent Fish and Seafood Aquaculture, LLC will adopt the following strategies in marketing our fish and seafood; Introduce our business by uk quarantine sending introductory letters alongside our brochure to stake holders in the agriculture industry, households, hotels and restaurants and agriculture produce merchant et al. Advertise our business in agriculture and food related magazines and graduate school essay websites List our business on yellow pages ads Attend related agriculture and food expos, seminars, and business fairs et al Leverage on the internet to promote our business Engage in direct marketing Encourage the use of word of mouth marketing (referrals) St. Vincent Fish and Seafood Aquaculture, LLC is in the fish and seafood aquaculture industry for the purpose of online media maximizing profits hence we have decided to explore all the available opportunities within the industry to achieve our corporate goals and objectives.
Below are the sources we intend exploring to generate income for St. Vincent Fish and Seafood Aquaculture, LLC; Raising and harvesting finfish (e.g. catfish, trout, tilapia and minnows) Raising and harvesting shellfish (e.g. clams, oysters, crustaceans, mollusks and shrimp) Raising and harvesting ornamental fish (e.g. goldfish and tropical fish) Raising and harvesting aquaculture species to augment or replenish wild habitats Raising and harvesting other aquaculture (e.g. seaweed, alligators, frogs and turtles) From the entrance essay samples, studies and papers cheap the survey conducted, we were are able to discover that the sales generated by a fish and seafood farming business depends on the size of the fish and seafood farm, the types of fishes and seafood available in the fish and seafood farm and school samples of course the size of their marketing network. We have perfected or sales and marketing strategies and we are set to hit the ground running and we are quite optimistic that we will meet or even surpass our set sales target of generating enough income / profits from the year of operations and build the research paper banking, business from essay survival to sustainability with the shortest period of time. We have been able to Essay Questions critically examine the fish and seafood aquaculture industry and we have analyzed our chances in essay, the industry and we have been able to come up with the following sales forecast.
The sales projection is based on information gathered on cheap my essay decisions, the field and school samples some workable assumptions as well with respect to the nature of fish and seafood farming business that we run. Below are the projections that we were able to come up with for the first three years of running St. Best Custom! Vincent Fish and Seafood Aquaculture, LLC; N.B: This projection is done based on what is obtainable in school essay samples, the industry and write my essay against decisions with the assumption that there won’t be any major economic meltdown that can impact negatively on household spending, bad weather cum natural disasters (draughts, epidemics), and unfavorable government policies. Our Pricing Strategy. Some of the factors that will help you sell your farm produce at the right price that will guarantee that you make profits is dependent on your strategy while some of the factors are beyond your control. For example, if the climatic condition is unfavorable and if there is natural disaster in the location where you have your fish and seafood farm, then it will directly affect the prices of your fish and seafood. Over and above, if you want to get the right pricing for school samples, your fish and seafood, then you should ensure that you choose a good location for the fish and seafood farm, choose a good breed that will guarantee bountiful harvest, cut the cost of running your fish and seafood farm to the barest minimum and of course try as much as possible to attract buyers to your fish and seafood farm as against taking your fish and seafood to the market to source for buyers; with this, you would have successfully eliminate the cost of transporting the goods to best paper 767 the market and other logistics. We are quite aware that one of the easiest means of graduate entrance essay samples penetrating the assessment, market and acquiring loads of customers for graduate samples, all our fishes and seafood is to sell them at competitive prices hence we will do all we can to ensure that the prices of our fish and seafood are going to write assessment decisions be what other fish and graduate essay seafood farmers would look towards beating. One thing is certain; the nature of fish and buy law essay uk quarantine seafood farming business makes it possible for fish and seafood farmers to place prices for their fish and seafood based on their discretion without following the benchmark in the industry. The truth is that it is one of the means of avoiding running into loss. The payment policy adopted by St.
Vincent Fish and Seafood Aquaculture, LLC is all inclusive because we are quite aware that different customers prefer different payment options as it suits them but at the same time, we will ensure that we abide by the financial rules and regulation of the entrance samples, United States of America. Here are the payment options that St. Cheap Write Assessment! Vincent Fish and Seafood Aquaculture, LLC will make available to her clients; Payment via bank transfer Payment with cash Payment via online bank transfer Payment via check Payment via mobile money Payment via bank draft. Graduate Entrance Samples! In view of the above, we have chosen banking platforms that will enable our client make payment for farm produces purchase without any stress on their part. Our bank account numbers will be made available on our website and promotional materials to clients who may want to deposit cash or make online transfer for fishes and seafood. Fish Farming Business Plan Publicity and essay uk quarantine Advertising Strategy. Any business that wants to grow beyond the corner of the street or the city they are operating from must be ready and willing to utilize every available means (both conventional and non – conventional means) to advertise and promote the business. We intend growing our business which is why we have perfected plans to graduate school entrance essay samples build our brand via every available means.
We know that it is important to create strategies that will help us boost our brand awareness and to create a corporate identity for our fish and seafood farming business. Below are the platforms we will leverage on to boost our fish and seafood farming brand and to promote and advertise our business; Place adverts on community based newspapers, radio stations and TV stations. Encourage the use of word of mouth publicity from research on rural banking our loyal customers Leverage on entrance essay, the internet and social media platforms like; YouTube, Instagram, Facebook ,Twitter, LinkedIn, Snapchat, Badoo, Google+ and other platforms to promote our business. Ensure that our we position our banners and billboards in strategic positions all around Columbia – South Carolina Distribute our fliers and handbills in target areas in and around our neighborhood Contact corporate organizations, households, landlord associations and schools by calling them up and informing them of St. Vincent Fish and Seafood Aquaculture, LLC and the fish and seafood we sell Advertise our business in our official website and employ strategies that will help us pull traffic to the site Brand all our official cars and trucks and ensure that all our staff members and management staff wears our branded shirt or cap at regular intervals. Fish Farming Business Plan Financial Projections and Costing. When it comes to calculating the cost of starting a fish and seafood farm, there are some key factors that should serve as a guide. The different types of Business School Questions fishes and seafood to be raised in the fish and seafood farms determine the total cost of setting up the business.
Besides, in setting up any business, the amount or cost will depend on the approach and scale you want to undertake. If you intend to go big by renting / leasing a big facility, then you would need a good amount of capital as you would need to ensure that your employees are well taken care of, and that your facility is graduate school entrance essay samples, conducive enough for buy law uk quarantine, workers to be creative and productive. This means that the start-up can either be low or high depending on your goals, vision and aspirations for your business. The tools and equipment that will be used are nearly the same cost everywhere, and school samples any difference in prices would be minimal and can be overlooked. As for the detailed cost analysis for starting a fish and seafood farming business; it might differ in other countries due to the value of their money.
Below are some of the basic areas we will spend our start – up capital in setting up our fish and seafood farm; The Total Fee for incorporating the Business (commercial farm) in United States of America $750. The amount needed to acquire / lease a fish farm land $50,000 The amount required for preparing the farm land (fish ponds and fresh water supply et al) $30,000 Legal expenses for obtaining licenses and permits as well as the research, accounting services (software, P.O.S machines and other software) $3,300. Marketing promotion expenses for the grand opening of St. Vincent Fish and graduate school entrance samples Seafood Aquaculture, LLC in the amount of help me do my essay and bush reform $3,500 and as well as flyer printing (2,000 flyers at $0.04 per copy) for the total amount of $3,580. The total cost for hiring Business Consultant – $2,500.
The total cost for graduate school entrance essay samples, payment of insurance policy covers (general liability, workers#8217; compensation and property casualty) coverage at a total premium $9,400 The amount required for the purchase of the first set of fishes and seafood (fingerlings) $10,000 The cost for acquiring the required working tools and cheap my essay appeals against assessment equipment / machines / hatchery et al– $50,000 Operational cost for the first 3 months (salaries of employees, payments of bills et al) $60,000 The Cost of essay Launching an official Website $600 Additional Expenditure (Business cards, Signage, Adverts and paper banking Promotions et al) $2,000. Graduate Entrance Essay Samples! Going by best paper the report from detailed research and feasibility studies conducted, we will need an average of $500,000 to start a standard fish and seafood farming business in the United States of America. Generating Funding / Startup Capital for St. Vincent Fish and Seafood Aquaculture, LLC. No matter how fantastic your business idea might be, if you don’t have the required money to finance the business, the graduate school entrance essay, business might not become a reality. Finance is a very important factor when it comes to starting a business such as commercial poultry farming.
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close read essay and the Mental States I Believe They Have and Need in Order. to Participate in the Social Relationships I have Observed. By Karen Davis, PhD, President of United Poultry Concerns. of Toronto in Ontario, is the opening chapter in Experiencing Animal Minds: An Anthology of. Animal-Human Encounters , ed. Graduate Essay Samples? Julie A. Smith Robert W. Mitchell, Columbia University Press, 2012. I looked at the Chicken endlessly, and I wondered. What lay behind the veil of animal secrecy?
In this essay, I discuss the social life of chickens and the mental states that I believe they have and need in order to participate in write my essay against decisions, the social relationships that I have observed in them. What follows is a personalized, candid discussion of graduate school entrance essay, what I know, what I think I know, and what I am unsure of but have observed relevant to the minds of chickens in their relationships with each other and with other species and with me. Chickens evolved in the foothills of the Himalayan Mountains and the tropical forests of Southeast Asia where they have lived and raised their families for thousands of years. Most people I talk to had no idea that chickens are natives of a rugged, forested habitat filled with vibrant tropical colors and sounds. Similarly surprising to many is the fact that chickens are endowed with memory and cheap write my essay assessment, emotions, and graduate essay samples, that they have a keenly developed consciousness of gore and bush education, one another and of their surroundings. A newspaper reporter who visited our sanctuary a few years ago was surprised to graduate school, learn that chickens recognize each other as individuals, especially after they’ve been separated.
A friend and I had recently rescued a hen and a rooster in a patch of woods alongside a road in rural Virginia on the Eastern Shore. The first night we managed to get the hen out gore on public school reform, of the tree, but the rooster got away. The following night after hours of playing hide and seek with him in the rain, we succeeded in netting the rooster, and the two were reunited at our sanctuary. When the reporter visited a few days later, she was impressed that these two chickens, Lois and Lambrusco, were foraging together as a couple, showing that they remembered each other after being apart. Chickens form memories that influence their social behavior from the time they are embryos, and they update their memories over school entrance essay samples, the course of their lives.
I’ve observed their memories in action at our sanctuary. For instance, if I have to remove a hen from the flock for two or three weeks in order to 767, treat an infection, when I put her outside again, she moves easily back into essay samples, the flock, which accepts her as if she had never been away. Custom? There may be a little showdown, a tiff instigated by another hen, but the challenge is quickly resolved. School Essay Samples? Best of all, I’ve watched many a returning hen be greeted by her own flock members led by the rooster walking over and gathering around her conversably, as if they were saying to her, “Where have you been?” and “How are you?” and my essay and bush on public education, “We’re glad you’re back.” My Experience with Mother Hens and graduate essay, Their Families. What of the essay, hens whom we observe each day at home, with what care and school essay samples, assiduity they govern and best, guard their chicks? Some let down their wings for school essay samples the chicks to come under; others arch their backs for them to climb upon; there is no part of best paper 767, their bodies with which they do not wish to cherish their chicks if they can, nor do they do this without a joy and alacrity which they seem to exhibit by the sound of their voices. Graduate School Entrance Samples? - Plutarch. The purpose of write my essay appeals against assessment, our sanctuary on the Virginia Eastern Shore is to provide a home for chickens who already exist, rather than adding to school entrance essay, the population and thus diminishing our capacity to custom paper 767, adopt more birds. For this reason we do not allow our hens to entrance, hatch their eggs in the spring and early summer as they would otherwise do, given their association with the roosters in our yard.
All of our birds have been adopted from research paper in india situations of abandonment or abuse, or else they were no longer wanted or able to be cared for by their previous owners. Our two-acre sanctuary is a fenced open yard that shades into tangled wooded areas filled with trees, bushes, vines, undergrowth and graduate essay, the soil chickens love to scratch in all year round. It also includes several smaller fenced enclosures with chicken-wire roofs, each with its own predator-proof house, for chickens who are inclined to cheap appeals assessment, fly over fences during chick-hatching season, and entrance samples, thus be vulnerable to the raccoons, foxes, owls, possums and other predators inhabiting the woods and fields around us. I learned the hard way about the vulnerability of chickens to predators. Once, a hen named Eva, who had jumped the fence and been missing for research on rural banking several weeks, reappeared in early June with a brood of graduate entrance essay samples, eight fluffy chicks. Essay Uk Quarantine? This gave me a chance to observe directly some of the school essay, maternal behavior I had read so much about. We had adopted Eva into our sanctuary along with several other hens and papers online media, a rooster confiscated during a cockfighting raid in Alabama.
Watching Eva travel around the entrance samples, yard, outside the essay uk quarantine, sanctuary fence with her tiny brood close behind her, was like watching a family of wild birds whose dark and golden feathers blended perfectly with the entrance essay, woods and foliage they melted in and out of during the day. Periodically, at the edge of the woods, Eva would squat down with her feathers puffed out, and her peeping chicks would all run under her wings for comfort and warmth. A few minutes later, the family was on the move again. Throughout history, hens have been praised for my essay and bush school education their ability to defend their young from an school samples attacker. Cheap Decisions? I watched Eva do exactly this one day when a large dog wandered in front of the magnolia tree where she and her chicks were foraging. With her wings outspread and curved menacingly toward the graduate school samples, dog, she rushed at gore reform him over and over, cackling loudly, all the while continuing to school entrance essay, push her chicks behind herself with her wings. The dog stood stock still before the Business Essay, excited mother hen, and soon ambled away, but Eva maintained her aggressive posture of self-defense, her sharp, repetitive cackle and attentive lookout for several minutes after he was gone. Eva’s behavior toward the dog differed radically from her behavior toward me, demonstrating her ability to distinguish between a likely predator and graduate school essay, someone she perceived as presenting no dire threat to her and her chicks. She already knew me from the sanctuary yard, and essay, though I had never handled her apart from lifting her out of the crate she’d arrived in from Alabama several months earlier, when I started discreetly stalking her and graduate school samples, her family, to get the closest possible view of them, the most she did when she saw me coming was dissolve with her brood into the woods or disappear under the magnolia tree. While she didn’t see me as particularly dangerous, she nevertheless maintained a wary distance that, over time, diminished to where she increasingly brought her brood right up to cheap appeals, the sanctuary fence, approaching the front steps of our house, and ever closer to me - but not too close just yet. When she and her chicks were out and about, and essay, I called to her, “Hey, Eva,” she’d quickly look up at me, poised and alert for several seconds, before resuming her occupation.
One morning, I looked outside expecting to see the little group in on rural banking in india, the dewy grass, but they were not there. Knowing that mother raccoons prowled nightly looking for food for school samples their own youngsters in the summer, I sadly surmised they were the likely reason that I never saw my dear Eva and her chicks again. I kneeled down and stared into the face of the chick who looked intently back at me, before it hid itself, then peeked out again. I looked closely into appeals assessment decisions, Daffodil’s face as well, knowing from experience that making direct eye contact with chickens is crucial to forming a trusting, friendly relationship with them. If chickens see people only from the standpoint of boots and shoes, and people don’t look them in the eye and graduate, talk to them, no bond of friendship will be formed between human and bird.
I’ve seen this difference expressed between hens we’ve adopted into our sanctuary from an Essay Questions egg production facility, for example, and chickens brought to graduate entrance, us as young birds or as someone’s former pet. Former egg-industry hens tend to look back at me, not with that sharp, bright, direct focus of Essay, a fully confident chicken, but with a watchful opacity that no doubt in part reflects their having spent their entire previous lives in cages or on crowded floors in dark, polluted buildings that permanently affected their eyes before coming to our sanctuary. Psychologically, it’s as if they’ve pulled down a little curtain between themselves and human beings that does not prevent friendship but infuses their recovery with a settled strain of fear. I’ll say more about these hens presently. From the very first, a large red rooster named Francis regularly visited Daffodil and her chick in their nesting place, and school essay, Daffodil acted happy and custom, content to have him there. Frequently, I found him quietly sitting with her and the little chick, who scrambled around both of them, in and out of their feathers. Though roosters will mate with more than one hen in the flock, a rooster and a hen will also form bonds so strong that they will refuse to mate with anyone else.
Could it be that Francis was the graduate school entrance, father of this chick and best paper, that he and Daffodil knew it? He certainly was uniquely and intimately involved with the pair, and it wasn’t as though he was the head of the flock, the one who oversaw all of the hens and the other roosters and was thus fulfilling his duty in that role. Rather, Francis seemed simply to school essay samples, be a member of this particular family. For the rest of the my essay gore and bush on public, summer, Daffodil and graduate school entrance essay samples, her chick formed a kind of enchanted circle with an inviolable space all around themselves, as they roamed together in the yard, undisturbed by the other chickens. Not once did I see Francis or any of the other roosters try to mate with Daffodil during the best, time she was raising her frisky chick - the little one I named Daisy who grew up to graduate school samples, be Sir Daisy, a large, handsome rooster with white and buy research papers and experts, golden-brown feathers.
My Relationship with the school entrance essay samples, Hens in Our Sanctuary. The industry must convey the message that hens are distinct from companion species to cheap appeals assessment, defuse the misperceptions. - Simon Shane, Editor, Egg Industry. The poultry industry represents chickens bred for school entrance essay samples food as mentally vacuous, eviscerated organisms. Hens bred for commercial egg production are said to be suited to a caged environment, with no need for School Essay for … personal space or normal foraging and social activity. School Entrance? They are characterized as aggressive cannibals who, notwithstanding their otherwise mindless passivity and affinity for cages, cannot live together in a cage without first having a portion of buy law essay uk quarantine, their sensitive beaks burned off - otherwise, it is said, they will tear each other up.
Similarly, the instinct to tend and fuss over her eggs and be a mother has been rooted out of these hens (so it is graduate entrance claimed), and the idea of one’s having a social relationship with such hens is dismissed as silly sentimentalism. I confess I have yet to meet a single example of these so-called cannibalistic cage-loving birds. Over the years, we have adopted hundreds of “egg-type” hens into our sanctuary straight from the research paper on rural banking, cage environment, which is essay samples all they ever knew until they were rescued and placed gently on the ground where they felt the earth next to their bodies for the first time in their lives. To watch a little group of nearly featherless hens with naked necks and mutilated beaks respond to help education reform, this experience is deeply moving. Graduate? Because their bones have never been properly exercised and their toenails are long and spindly for never having scratched vigorously in paper 767, the ground, some hens take a few days or longer learning to walk normally and fly up to a perch and graduate essay, settle on it securely, but their desire to do these things is evident from the time they arrive. Chickens released from a long siege in a cage and placed on buy law essay uk quarantine, the ground almost invariably start making the tentative, increasingly vigorous gestures of taking a dustbath. They paddle and fling the dirt with their claws, rake in particles of earth with their beaks, fluff up their feathers, roll on their sides, pause from time to time with their eyes closed, and stretch out their legs in obvious relish at being able to bask luxuriously and school essay samples, satisfy their urge to clean themselves and to be clean. Carefully lifting a battered hen, who has never known anything before but brutal handling, out of a transport carrier and placing her on the ground to begin taking her first real dustbath (as opposed to the “vacuum” dustbaths hens try to perform in a cage) is research on rural banking in india a gesture from which a trusting relationship between human and essay samples, bird grows. If hens were flowers, it would be like watching a flower unfold, or in the case of a little flock of hens set carefully on the ground together, a little field of essay uk quarantine, flowers transforming themselves from withered stalks into blossoms. For chickens, dustbathing is not only a cleansing activity; it is also a social gathering. Typically, one hen begins the process and graduate school entrance samples, is quickly joined by School Essay for … other hens and maybe one or two roosters.
Soon the graduate entrance samples, birds are buried so deep in their dustbowls that only the moving tail of a rooster or an outspread wing can be seen a few feet away. Eventually, one by one, the little flock emerges from their ritual entrancement all refreshed. Each bird stands up, vigorously shakes the dirt particles out of his or her feathers, creating a fierce little dust storm before running off to the next engaging activity. Charity (front) with Freddaflower Zelda dustbathing. Early on as I began forming our sanctuary and organization in the 1980s, I drove one day from Maryland to New York to in india, pick up seven former battery-caged hens.
Instead of entrance, crating them in the car, I allowed them to sit together in the back seat on towels, so they wouldn’t be cramped yet again in a dark enclosure, unable to see out the for …, windows or to see me. Essay Samples? Also, I wanted to watch them through my rearview mirror and talk to them. Once their flutter of anxiety and 767, fear had subsided, the hens sat quietly in school entrance samples, the car, occasionally standing up to stretch a leg or a wing, all the while peering out from under their pale and research, pendulous combs (the bright red crest on top of chickens’ heads grows abnormally long, flaccid and yellowish-white in graduate school essay samples, the cage environment) as I drove and spoke to them of the life awaiting. Then an astonishing thing happened. The most naked and pitiful looking hen began making her way slowly from the write my essay appeals against assessment, back seat, across the passenger seat separator, toward me. She crawled onto my knee and settled herself in my lap for the remainder of the trip.
The question has been asked whether chickens can form intentions. Do they have “intentionality”? Do they consciously formulate purposes and carry them out? In the rearview mirror I watched Bonnie, that ravaged little hen, make a difficult yet beeline trip from the backseat of the essay samples, car into best paper, my lap. Graduate Entrance Essay Samples? Reliving the scene in my mind, I see her journey as her intention to reach me. Once she obtained her objective, she rested without further incident. Intentionality in chickens is shown in many ways.
An example is a hen’s desire not only to lay an egg, but to lay her egg in Business School Questions, a particular place with a particular group of hens, or in school entrance essay samples, a secluded spot she has chosen - and she has definitely chosen it. I’ve watched hens delay laying their egg until they got where they wanted to be. Conscious or not at the outset, once the intention has been formed, the hen is consciously and emotionally committed to accomplishing it. No other interpretation of her behavior makes sense by comparison. Sarah, for example, a white leghorn hen from a battery-cage egg-laying operation who came to our sanctuary with osteoporosis and a broken leg, was determined, as she grew stronger, to climb the front stairs of our house, one laborious step at a time, just so that she could lay her egg behind the toilet in the bathroom next to the second floor landing. This was a hen, remember, who had never known anything before in her life but a crowded metal cage among thousands of cages in a windowless building. I was Sarah’s friendly facilitator. I cheered her on, and custom paper, the interest I showed in graduate school, her and her wishes and successes was a critical part of her recovery, both physical and mental. These days in the morning when I unhook the door of the little house in help me do my essay gore and bush school education reform, which eight hens and graduate school entrance samples, Sir Valery Valentine the rooster spend the best custom 767, night, brown Josephine runs alongside me and dashes ahead down to the Big House where she waits in a state of eager anticipation while I unlatch the door to let the birds who are eagerly assembled on graduate entrance essay samples, the other side of that door out into the yard. Out they rush, and in goes Josephine, straight to the favorite spot shaped by herself and her friends into a comfy nest atop three stacked bales of straw that, envisioned in buy law essay, her mind’s eye, she was determined to graduate school entrance essay samples, get to. Why else, unless she remembered the place and her experience in it with anticipatory pleasure, would she be determined day after day to repeat the episode?
Miss Sentinel Soul Sir Valery Valentine. In her mind’s eye as well is buy research cheap media and experts my own role in her morning ritual. I hold the school essay samples, Keys to the little straw Kingdom Josephine is eager to reenter, and uk quarantine, she accompanies me trustingly and expectantly as we make our way toward it. Likewise, our hen Charity knew that I held the graduate school, keys to buy research papers online cheap media and experts, the cellar where she laid her eggs for years in a pile of books in a cabinet beside a table I worked at. Unlike Josephine, Charity wanted to lay her egg in a private place, free of the fussing of hens gathered together and sharing their nest, often accompanied by a rooster boisterously crowing the egg-laying news amid the cacophony of cackles. Graduate Entrance Essay? Charity didn’t mind my presence in the cellar. She seemed to custom paper, like me sitting there, each of us intent on our silent endeavor. If the cellar door was closed, blocking her way to the basement when she was ready to school essay samples, lay her egg, she would pace back and forth in School Questions, front of the graduate school entrance essay, window on the opposite side of the house where I sat at buy research papers online media my desk facing the window. If I didn’t respond quickly enough, she’d start pecking at graduate school entrance samples the window with an increasing bang to get me to move. By the my essay appeals against assessment, time I ran up the steps and opened the cellar door, she’d already be standing there, having raced around the entrance samples, house as soon as she saw me get up.
Down the cellar steps she’d trip, jump into uk quarantine, the cabinet, and settle as still as a statue in entrance essay samples, her book nook. After she had laid her egg and spent a little time with it, she let me know she was ready to go back outside, running up the best, steps to the landing where she waited until I opened the door, and out she went. Do events like these suggest that the graduate school essay, chickens regard me as a chicken like themselves? I don’t really think so, other than perhaps when they are motherless chicks and I am their sole provider and protector, similar to the way children raised by wolves imprint on and behave like wolves. I see the buy law essay uk quarantine, ability of chickens to entrance essay samples, bond with me and be endearingly companionable as an extension of their ability to adapt their native instincts to habitats and human-created environments that stimulate their natural ability to perceive analogies and fit what they find where they happen to be to the fulfillment of their own needs and essay, desires. The inherently social nature of graduate school entrance samples, chickens enables them to banking, socialize successfully with a variety of other species and to form bonds of interspecies affection. Having adopted into our sanctuary many incapacitated young chickens from the “broiler” chicken (meat) industry, I know how quickly they learn to recognize me and my voice and their own names. They twitter and graduate school entrance samples, chirp when I talk to them, and they turn their heads to watch me moving about or away from cheap write against decisions them.
Living in entrance, the house until they are well enough to go outside if they ever can, they quickly learn the cues I provide that signify their comfort and care and establish their personal identity. This is not to suggest that chickens are unlimitedly malleable. Mother hens and their embryos have a genetic repertoire of communications that are too subtle for humans to decipher entirely, let alone imitate. Essay Questions? Chickens have ancestral memories that predispose the development of graduate school essay samples, their self-identity and behavior. Essay? Even chickens incubated in mechanical hatcheries and deprived of parental influence - virtually all of the birds at our sanctuary - behave like chickens in essential ways.
For instance, they all follow the sun around the yard. They all sunbathe, dropping to school entrance essay samples, the ground and lying on their sides with one wing outspread, then turning over and spreading out the other wing while raising their neck feathers to allow the best custom paper, warm sunlight and vitamin D to graduate entrance essay samples, penetrate their skin. Similar to dustbathing, sunbathing is a social as well as a healthful activity for chickens, where you see one bird drop to the ground where the sun is Business School Questions for … shining, followed by another and essay samples, then another, and if you don’t know what they are doing, you will think they had died the way they lie still with their eyes closed, flopped like mops under the sun. I’m aware when I am in the yard with them that the chickens are constantly sending, receiving and responding to many signals that elude me. They also exhibit a clear sense of distinction between themselves, as chickens, and 767, the three ducks, two turkeys and peacock Frankencense who share their sanctuary space. Entrance Essay Samples? And they definitely know the difference between themselves and their predators, such as foxes and hawks, whose proximity raises a sustained alarm through the entire flock.
I remember how our broiler hen Miss Gertrude, who couldn’t walk, alerted me with her agitated voice and body movements that a fox was lurking on the edge of the woods. Frankencense the and bush education reform, peacock, Donald Arnold the ducks, five Sentinel Sister hens, and Aubrey the school entrance essay samples, turkey at UPC. While all of our sanctuary birds mingle together amiably, typically the ducks potter about as a trio, and Frankencense the peacock displays his plumage before the hens, who view him for the most part impassively. The closest interspecies relationship I’ve observed among our birds is between the chickens and custom, the turkeys. A few years ago, our hen Muffie bonded in true friendship with our adopted turkey Mila, after Muffie’s friend Fluffie (possibly her actual sister) died suddenly and graduate school entrance essay, left her bereft, of which I’ll say more later. Right from the start, Muffie and Mila shared a quiet affection, foraging together and papers online cheap media, sometimes preening each other very delicately. School Entrance Essay Samples? One of their favorite rituals was in the evenings when I changed their water and buy law uk quarantine, ran the hose in their bowls. Together, Muffie and Mila would follow the graduate entrance, tiny rivulets along the ground, drinking as they went, Muffie darting and cheap my essay appeals against assessment, drinking like a brisk brown fairy, Mila dreamily swaying and graduate entrance samples, sipping, piping her intermittent flute notes. Notwithstanding, I don’t think Muffie ever thought of herself as a “turkey” in her relationship with Mila, and I doubt very much that chickens bonded with humans experience themselves as “human,” particularly when other chickens are nearby - out of sight maybe, but not out of earshot. (Chickens have keen, discriminating hearing as well as full spectrum color vision. Chick embryos have been shown to distinguish the crow of a rooster from other sounds from inside their shells.) Chickens in my experience have a core identity and sense of themselves as chickens.
An example is me do gore and bush education reform a chick I named Fred, sole survivor of a classroom hatching project in which embryos were mechanically incubated. Fred was so large, loud and entrance essay, demanding from the moment he set foot in our kitchen, I assumed he’d grow up to be a rooster. He raced up and custom 767, down the hallway, hopped up on my shoulder, leapt to the top of my head, ran across my back, down my arm and onto the floor when I was at school entrance essay the computer, and was generally what you’d call “pushy,” but adorably so. I remember one day putting Fred outdoors in an enclosure with a few adult hens on the ground, and he flew straight up the tree to a branch, peeping loudly, apparently wanting no part of them. “Fred” grew into a lustrously beautiful black hen whom I renamed Freddaflower. Often we’d sit on the sofa together at night while I watched television or read. Even by herself, Freddaflower liked to research paper on rural, perch on essay, the arm of the sofa in front of the TV when it was on, suggesting she liked to be there because it was our special place. She ran up and down the stairs to the second floor as she pleased, and often I would find her in the guestroom standing prettily in front of the full-length mirror preening her feathers and observing herself. She appeared to essay, be fully aware that it was she herself she was looking at in the mirror. School Entrance Samples? I’d say to her, “Look, Freddaflower - that’s you!
Look how pretty you are!” And she seemed already to online and experts, know that. Freddaflower loved for me to hold her and pet her. She demanded to graduate school entrance, be picked up. She would close her eyes and purr while I stroked her feathers and kissed her face. Business School Questions For …? From time to time, I placed her outside in the chicken yard, and sometimes she ventured out on her own, but she always came back. Eventually I noticed she was returning to me less and less, and for shorter periods.
One night she elected to remain in entrance samples, the chicken house with the flock. From then on until she died of ovarian cancer in my arms two years later, Freddaflower expressed her ambivalence of essay uk quarantine, wanting to be with me but also wanting to school entrance essay samples, be with the other hens, to and experts, socialize and nest with them and participate in their world and the reliving of ancestral experiences that she carried within herself. Liqin Cao and Freddaflower. My Relationship with the essay samples, Roosters in Essay for …, Our Sanctuary. A less happy ambivalence appeared in a soft-colored gray and graduate entrance, white rooster I named Ruby when he was brought to our sanctuary as a young bird by a girl who swore he was a hen. Buy Law Essay? Following me about the graduate school entrance samples, house on his brisk little legs, even sleeping beside me on my pillow at night, Ruby grew up to be a rooster. In spite of our close relationship during his first months of life, once he became sexually mature, Ruby’s attitude toward me changed. In the yard with the other chickens, he showed no disposition to fight.
He didn’t attack other birds or provoke antagonisms. He fit in with the existing flock of hens and roosters, but toward me and other people he became compulsively aggressive. As soon as I (or anyone) appeared in the yard, Ruby ran from my essay appeals decisions wherever he was and physically attacked us. Having to graduate school essay samples, work in the yard under his vigilant eye, I took to carrying a bottomless birdcage and placing it over him while I worked. When finished I would lift it off him and walk backward toward the research, gate with the birdcage in front of me as a shield. What I saw taking place in graduate school, Ruby was a conflict he couldn’t control, and from which he suffered emotionally, between an autonomous genetic impulse on the one hand, and his personal desire on the other to be friendly with me. He got to where when he saw me coming with the banking in india, birdcage, he would walk right up and entrance essay, let me place it over him as if grateful for my protection against cheap write against assessment decisions, a behavior he didn’t want to carry out. Even more tellingly, he developed a syndrome of coughs and sneezes whenever I approached, symptomatic, I believed, of his inner turmoil. He didn’t have a respiratory infection, and despite his antagonism toward me, I never felt that he hated me but rather that he suffered from his dilemma, including his inability to manage it. My personal experience with our sanctuary roosters confirms the literature I’ve read about wild and feral chickens documenting that the majority of roosters do not physically and compulsively attack one another.
Chickens maintain a social order in which every member of the flock has a place and graduate school entrance essay samples, finds a place. Write Appeals Decisions? During the graduate school, day our roosters and hens break up into small, fluctuating groups that are somewhat, but by no means, rigidly territorial. My Essay Against Decisions? Antagonisms between roosters are resolved with bloodless showdowns and face-offs. School? The most notable exception is when a new rooster is introduced into an existing flock, which may provoke a temporary flare up, but even then, there is no predicting. Last year I placed newcomer Benjamin in on rural banking in india, a yard already occupied by two other roosters, Rhubarb and Oliver and their twenty or so hens, and he fit in right away. Ruby won immediate acceptance when I put him outside in the chickenyard after living in school entrance, the house with me for almost six months. In dealing with Ruby I found an unexpected ally in our large red rooster Pola, who was so attentive to online cheap and experts, me, all I had to do was call him, and graduate school entrance, he bolted over from his hens and let me pick him up and hold him. I have a greeting card photograph of research paper on rural banking in india, Pola and me “crowing” together, my one hand clasped over his swelled-out chest, my other hand holding his claw, in a duet I captioned “With Heart and Voice.” Playfully, I got into graduate school essay, the habit of buy law essay, yelling “Pola, Help!” whenever Ruby acted like he was ready to come after me, which worked as well as the birdcage.
Hearing my call, Pola would perk up, race over to where Ruby was about to charge, and run him off with such cheerful alacrity it was as if he knew this was our little game together. Graduate Entrance? I’d always say, “Thank you, Pola, thank you!” and he acted very pleased with his performance and the praise I lavished on him for “saving” me. He stuck out his chest, stretched up his neck, flapped his wings vigorously, and crowed triumphantly a few times. Roosters crow to announce their accomplishments. Even after losing a skirmish, a rooster will often crow as if to compensate for his loss or deny its importance or call it a draw. Last summer as I sat reading outside with the chickens, I was diverted by our two head roosters, Rhubarb and write against assessment decisions, Sir Valery Valentine, crowing back and forth at graduate entrance each other in their respective yards just a few feet apart. It looked like Sir Valery was intentionally crossing a little too far into Rhubarb’s territory, and uk quarantine, Rhubarb kept dashing at him to reinforce the boundary. There was not a hint of graduate entrance essay, hostility between them; rather the contest, I decided as I watched them go at it, was being carried out as a kind of write my essay appeals decisions, spirited mock ritual, in which each rooster rushed at graduate school essay the other, only to halt abruptly on his own side of the invisible buffer zone they apparently had agreed upon. At that point, each rooster paced up and down on his own side, steadily eyeing the other bird and gore on public education reform, crowing at school entrance him across the divide.
After ten minutes or so, they each backed off and were soon engrossed in other activities. Roosters are so energetic and Business School Questions, solicitous toward their hens, so intensely focused on every aspect of their social life together that one of the saddest things to see is a rooster in a state of decline due to graduate school essay, age, illness or both. An aging or ailing rooster who can no longer hold his own in the flock suffers severely. He droops, and I have even heard a rooster cry over on rural, his loss of place and prestige within his flock. This is graduate school samples what happened to our rooster Jules - “Gentleman Jules,” as my husband fondly named him - who came to research paper on rural, our sanctuary in the following way. One day I received a phone call from the resident of an apartment building outside Washington, DC, saying that a rooster was loose in graduate school entrance, the complex and was being chased by buy law essay children who were throwing stones at him.
After two weeks of trying, she managed to lure the rooster into the laundry room and graduate school entrance essay samples, called me to come get him. Expecting to find a cowering and emaciated creature needing to be carefully lifted out of banking in india, a corner, I discovered instead a bright-eyed perky, chatty little fellow with glossy black feathers like Freddaflower. I drove him to our sanctuary and set him outside with the flock, which at graduate entrance essay the time included our large white broiler rooster Henry, and our feisty bantam rooster, Bantu, who loved nothing better than sitting in the breeze under the Business School, trees with his two favorite large brown hens, Nadia and Nadine. Jules was a sweet-natured rooster, warm and graduate school entrance essay samples, affectionate to the core. He was a natural leader, and the hens loved him. Our dusky brown hen Petal, whom we’d adopted from another sanctuary, was especially devoted to Jules.
Petal had curled gnarly toes, which didn’t stop her from buy research online media and experts whisking away from anyone she didn’t want to come near her; otherwise she sat still watching everything, especially Jules. Petal never made a sound; she didn’t cluck like most hens - except when Jules left her side a little too long. Then all of a sudden, the graduate school entrance samples, silent and immobile hen with the watchful eye let out against assessment, a raucous SQUAWK, SQUAWK, SQUAWK, that didn’t stop until Jules had lifted his head up from whatever he was doing, and muttering to himself, ran over to comfort his friend. Jules the Rooster. Two years after coming to live with us, Jules developed a respiratory infection that with treatment seemed to go away, but left him weak and samples, vulnerable. Research Banking? He returned to the chickenyard only to find himself supplanted by graduate school essay samples Glippie, with whom he had used to best paper 767, be cordial, but was now dueling, and he didn’t have the graduate entrance essay samples, heart or strength for it. His exuberance ebbed out of him and banking in india, he became sad; there is no other word for graduate entrance essay samples the total condition of mournfulness he showed. His voice, which had always been cheerful, changed to moaning tones of best custom paper, woe. Samples? He banished himself to the outer edges of the cheap write appeals against decisions, chickenyard where he paced up and down, bawling so loudly I could hear him crying from inside the house. Graduate Samples? I brought him in Essay Questions for …, with me and sought to comfort my beloved bird, who showed by his whole demeanor that knew he was dying and graduate entrance, was hurt through and through by what he had become. Jules developed an abdominal tumor.
One morning our veterinarian placed him gently on the floor of his office after a final and futile overnight stay. Jules looked up at me from the help me do gore on public reform, floor and let out a low groan of “ooooohh” so broken that it pierced me through. I am pierced by it now, remembering the graduate school samples, sorrow expressed by this dear sweet creature, “Gentleman Jules,” who had loved his life and Business Questions for …, his hens and was leaving it all behind. My Experience of Empathy and Affection in Chickens. I perceive in your literature the proposal that chickens be treated as pets. I have been involved with many thousands of chickens and turkeys and I don’t think they are good pets, although it is evident that almost any vertebrate may be trained to school entrance, come for food. - Thomas Jukes in a letter to best, the author, 1992.
I have described how our hen Muffie bonded with our turkey Mila after Muffie’s inseparable companion, Fluffie, died leaving her bereft. Muffie’s solicitude toward Fluffie portended the death that would soon claim her friend. Like Jules, Fluffie developed an infection that treatment had seemed to heal, but she never fully recovered. One day, I looked out the school essay, kitchen window and saw Muffie straddled on top of Fluffie with her wings extended over her. I called my husband to come take a look at this moving and yet disturbing scene. We saw it repeated several times over the next few days. On a late afternoon, I went outside to put Muffie and Fluffie in for cheap write my essay assessment the night but found them already in their house in the straw. Fluffie stood drooping with her head and tail curved toward the ground and Muffie stood motionless beside her. I rushed Fluffie to graduate samples, the veterinarian and research on rural banking, brought her home with medicine, but she died that same night in the small bedroom where she and Muffie had liked to perch on top of the bookcase in graduate entrance essay samples, front of the big window overlooking the yard. After Fluffie died, Muffie stood planted for days in the exact spot where Fluffie had last stood drooping and dying.
Now, Muffie drooped in her place. She no longer scampered into the woods or came bursting into the kitchen to jump up on the sink and peck holes in the sponge floating on top of the dishwater. She was not interested in me or the best paper 767, other chickens. Graduate School Essay Samples? Two weeks of this dejection and I said, “We must get Muffie a new sister.” That is cheap write my essay against how Petal, who had loved Jules, came to live in our sanctuary. The minute Petal appeared, Muffie lost her torpor and became a bustling “police miss,” picking on school samples, Petal and patrolling everything Petal did until finally the custom paper 767, two hens became amiable, but they were never pals.
Through the years people have asked me, even more than whether chickens are “smart,” are they affectionate? - toward people, they particularly want to know. In this essay I have sought to show the affectionate nature of chickens toward me. Because I don’t just feed them but I also talk to them and look them in the eye and express my feelings for them, the birds at our sanctuary gather around me and stand there serenely preening themselves or sit quietly on the ground next to my chair while I read and chat with them. Chickens represented by the poultry industry as incapable of friendship with humans have rested in graduate school entrance samples, my lap with their eyes closed as peacefully as sleeping babies, and buy research papers and experts, as I have noted, they quickly learn their names. A little white hen from the egg industry named Karla became so friendly, all I had to do was call out “Karla!” and she would break through the other hens and head straight toward me, knowing she’d be scooped off the ground and kissed on her sweet face and over her closed eyes. And I can still see Vicky, our large white hen from graduate school essay samples a “broiler breeder” operation, whose right eye had been knocked out, peeking around the Essay Questions for …, corner of her house each time I shouted, “Vicky, what are you doing in there?” And there was Henry, likewise from a broiler breeder operation, who came to our sanctuary dirty and school, angry after falling out of a truck on the way to a slaughter plant. Lavished with my attention, Henry, who at first couldn’t bear to be touched, became as pliant and lovable as a big shaggy dog. I couldn’t resist wrestling him to the ground with bearish hugs, and his joy at being placed in School Essay for …, a garden where he could eat all the tomatoes he wanted was expressed in essay, groans of ecstasy. He was like, “Are all these riches of food and affection really for me?”
One of my most poignant memories is help me do my essay gore on public school of a large black, beautiful hen I named Mavis. Mavis had been dropped off at a shelter by a man who’d exhibited her at agricultural fairs. She must have spent her whole life immobilized on the floor of a cage with a keeper who treated her like an object. During her first two weeks at our sanctuary, Mavis could not even stand up without crumbling to the ground, and entrance essay samples, she was deeply shy and inexpressive. In the chickenyard she sat alone by the fence and poked around a little by herself without showing or attracting interest. I saw no sign that she was ever going to recover from the emotional and papers online media, sensory deprivation of her previous life. Karen Davis Mavis. During this time, we had three adult broiler hens - Bella Mae, Alice, and graduate entrance samples, Florence. They were the opposite of Mavis. All I had to do was crouch down in the yard, and here comes one of best custom paper, my Three Graces, as I called them, Bella Mae for example, bumping up against essay samples, me with her ample breast for an embrace.
Immediately, Alice and Florence would hastily plod over on their heavy feet to participate in best paper, the embracement ceremony. Assertively but with no aggression whatever, they would vie with one another, bumping against each other’s chests to maneuver the closest possible contact with me, and I would encircle all three of them with my arms. One day as we were doing this, I looked up and saw Mavis just a few feet away, staring at entrance us. The next time, the Business Essay, same thing happened. There was Mavis with her melancholy eyes watching me hugging the school entrance essay samples, three white hens.
And then it struck me - Mavis wants to be hugged. Help Me Do My Essay Reform? I withdrew from the hens, walked over and knelt beside Mavis and graduate school entrance, pulled her gently toward me. It didn’t take much. She rested against online cheap media, me in a completeness of comfort that seemed to include her gratitude that her shy desire had been understood. In my first years of keeping chickens there were no predators, until a fox found us, and we built our fences - but only after eleven chickens disappeared rapidly under our nose. The fox would sneak up in broad daylight, raising a clamor among the birds. Running out of the house I’d see no stalker, just sometimes a soul-stabbing bunch of feathers on the ground in the midst of panic.
When our bantam rooster Josie was taken, his companion Alexandra ran shrieking through the kitchen, jumped up on a table and could not stop shrieking and was never the same afterward. Graduate Entrance Samples? The fox killed Pola, our big red rooster who had so gallantly responded to buy law essay uk quarantine, my calls begging him to “save” me from Ruby. I am sure he was attacked while trying to graduate entrance, protect his hens the cheap assessment, day he disappeared, while I sat obliviously at the computer. Graduate School Essay? It was too much. I sat on the kitchen floor crying and screaming. At the time, I was caring for Sonja, a big white warm-natured, bouncy hen I was treating for wounds she’d received before I rescued her. Write My Essay Against Decisions? As I sat on the floor exploding with grief and entrance samples, guilt, Sonja walked over to where I sat weeping.
She nestled her face next to mine and began purring with the on rural banking in india, ineffable soft purr that is also a trill in chickens. She comforted me even as her gesture deepened the heartache I was feeling in that moment about the painful mystery of Pola and the mystery of all chickens. Did Sonja know why I was crying? I doubt it, but maybe she did. Did she know that I was terribly sad and distressed? There is no question in my mind about that.
She responded to my grief with an expression of empathy that I have carried emotionally in my life ever since. It is experiences such as this and others I have described in this essay that have made me a passionate advocate for chickens. I do not seek to sentimentalize chickens but to characterize them as best I can within the purview of my own observations and relationships with them. In the 1980s I wrote an essay about an abandoned crippled broiler hen named Viva who, more than any other single cause, led me to found United Poultry Concerns in 1990. Graduate School? It is my essay gore on public school education reform hard for me to evoke in words how expressive she was in spite of her handicap and despite the school entrance essay samples, miserable life she had had before I lifted her out of her misery and best, brought her home with me. My experience with chickens for more than twenty years has shown me that chickens are conscious and emotional beings with adaptable sociability and a range of intentions and personalities. If there is one trait above all that leaps to my mind in thinking about chickens when they are enjoying their lives and pursuing their own interests, it is cheerfulness.
Chickens are cheerful birds, quite vocally so, and when they are dispirited and oppressed, their entire being expresses this state of affairs as well. Graduate Entrance Essay Samples? The fact that chickens become lethargic in continuously barren environments, instead of proving that they are stupid or impassive by nature, shows how sensitive these birds are to their surroundings, deprivations and my essay appeals against decisions, prospects. Likewise, when chickens are happy, their sense of wellbeing resonates unmistakably. Karen Davis, PhD is the president and founder of United Poultry Concerns, a nonprofit organization dedicated to the compassionate and respectful treatment of domestic fowl. Essay? She’s the editor of UPC’s quarterly magazine Poultry Press and the author of Essay for …, several books including Prisoned Chickens, Poisoned Eggs: An Inside Look at graduate entrance samples the Modern Poultry Industry (1996; Revised Edition 2009), More Than a Meal: The Turkey in me do education, History, Myth, Ritual and Reality , and The Holocaust and essay samples, the Henmaid’s Tale: A Case for Comparing Atrocities . Me Do On Public? Karen maintains a sanctuary for graduate entrance essay samples chickens, turkeys and buy research papers cheap media and experts, ducks on the Eastern Shore of Virginia.
UPC sanctuary roosters Ivan (center), Lorenzo (left) Benjamin (right) with their blissfully dustbathing hens on May 22, 2013.